Archive for the ‘ Archaeo-astronomy ’ Category

Ancient Monuments of Biblical Archaeo-Astronomy

One of the fascinating realities of Biblical Astronomy is that God first wrote the truths of His Word in the Heavens, [Ps. 19] before they were ever recorded in Scripture. As we have seen in numerous studies on this blog and website, the first Messianic prophecy in Scripture [Gen. 3:14-15] has various pictorial representations in the stars as seen the constellations Ophiuchus, Scorpius, Hercules, and Orion to name a few. The Mazzaroth or Celestial Gospel was first addressed to the Age of the Biblical Patriarchs, from Adam to Moses. One of the goals of the Try-God sites has been to research the principles that unlock the keys of the Celestial Gospel and  witness to the truths God put in the heavens in coordination with His Written Word. Even as prophecies of the Blood Moons were spoken by the Apostle Peter during his opening address, reverberating through the Age of Grace [Acts 2], so the Book of Job is the only Book of the Bible other than Genesis that was specifically addressed to the Age or Administration of the Bible Patriarchs. As such, it is this oldest book of Biblical canon that discloses the monuments of Biblical Archaeo-Astronomy in their unique role as witnesses to the Celestial Gospel. A Biblical Administration is “a period of time in God’s historical and spiritual timetable during which God deals with man in a particular way. It is governed by principles or spiritual truths that may be unique unto itself. In rightly dividing the Word of Truth, we must understand that Biblical Administrations have to remain within the boundaries or confines in which God has placed them within His Word. The rules of life change in these various time periods, so we must see each administration within its distinct context. When we investigate ‘to whom’ a particular Scripture is addressed, we must also see which Biblical Administration governs the rules.” 1

Since Christ is the end of the Law, we are no longer subject to the dictates of Old Testament Law, because we live by the higher Law of the Love of God, upon which as Jesus said “hang all the law and commandments.” Yet the accuracy of these ordinances of heaven continue to set the standard for truth in the important area of calendars and timekeeping that man continues to apply in modern times according to the perpetual Covenant of Day and Night [Jer. 33:20 -22]. In the Creator’s Eternal and Omniscient wisdom He instituted a perfect symmetry in these Biblical Administrations so the foundations of one supported the next. This accounts for the trait in a “mandates from heaven,” that their truth can remain applicable beyond the scope of its original Biblical Administration.

The Great Sphinx is the only Anti-diluvian monument that unifies the first and last signs of the Biblical Mazzaroth in the head of the woman Virgo with the body of the Lion Leo.

star sphinx pyramid

Rev. 22:12-13
12 “And behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to every one according to his work. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the [f]Beginning and the End, the First and the Last.”

Jesus is the Alpha and Omega not only in Scripture from Genesis to Revelation, but also from Virgo to Leo in the Celestial Gospel of the Mazzaroth, represented in the Great Stone Monument of the Sphinx on the Giza Plateau. We find these landmarks of the Alpha and Omega at the head and tail of the zodiac, which adds light to Dr. Martin’s observation that: “the woman Virgo is the Constellation of Headship for all twelve signs. The head position of Virgo is located within the last 10 degrees of Leo.” Virgo’s head is seen in Fig. 1, just below & adjacent to the star Denebola in the tail of the Lion, unifying the circle of the zodiac. The Sphinx also unifies the Biblical canon, establishing the chronological order of God’s written revelation, in the Bible’s earliest book of Job.

The first level crowning of Virgo also foreshadowed the Celestial Sphinx prophecy of the birth of Christ, 3 days prior to the 1st of 3 Jupiter-Regulus conjunctions marking the birth of Christ in 3-2 BC, pictured below [Fig. 1].

Figure 1. The Celestial Sphinx as seen from Jerusalem on Sept. 14th with Jupiter-Regulus union. 2

head of a woman and body of a lion

Job 19:23-25 
Oh that my words were now written! Oh that they were printed in a book! [24] That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock forever! [25] For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:

These verses are indicative not only of Job’s knowledge prophesying of his coming redeemer, but of his faith that his redeemer would stand at a future day upon the earth. This knowledge directly corresponds both, to a witness  engraved in rock forever, remaining unto our day, that testifies to the celestial and written gospels. The word “For,” beginning verse 25, grammatically depicts the purpose of Job’s reference to a monumental witness in stone, whose longevity has lasted into our day, as a witness to the redeemer that Job foresaw so long ago. Thus Job’s reference, in this majestic declaration of his redeemer, graven in rock forever, is readily linked with this enduring memorial on the Giza plateau, analogous with the prophecy written in the stars between Leo and VirgoJob’s words certainly stand out as a reference to the witness of the stars in stone, a witness God provided to the Biblical Patriarchs written by Job, enshrining these sacred stone landmarks of the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid as unique testaments of the truths of the Celestial and Scriptural Gospels. To further cement the link between the Great Sphinx and the Scriptures, let’s take a look at Job 38:

The witness of Scripture continues in the Book of Job, which contains more overt astronomical references, with Biblical constellation names than any other book in the Bible.

The Famed Star Cluster of the Pleiades.

star cluster

Job 38:31-33
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? [32] Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons? [33] Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? Canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?

From a Biblical perspective outside the Books of Genesis and Job, God revealed His Word and Will to the Patriarchs in the stellar witness and celestial narrative of the Promised redeemer of mankind. When we consider the Hebrew word “mazzaroth,” we find a very early reference to the 12 signs of the zodiac, occurring only in Job. There are other later references to the 12 signs of the ecliptic in Scripture, but this gives us more evidence of the antiquity of this knowledge of the entire zodiac, in the context of the Biblical Patriarchs. This idea alone flies in the face of evolutionary archaeology which has not taken this Biblical evidence into account in its historical view of human knowledge of the entire zodiac. Among the earliest overt astronomical references in all of Scripture, Job lays an indispensable basis for the ordinances of heaven, or “statutes from the Creator as laws of Nature that were permanently binding.” The universal influence of the 365-day calendar and the division of the Mazzaroth circle into 12 equal sections of 30-days each, represent two undeniable innovations in the history of Astronomy forming a foundation upon which the rest of ancient Astronomy and timekeeping were built. Thus the Biblical records of Job based on Noah, establish the advanced astronomical practice of the Biblical Patriarchs, providing a basis from which the roots of ancient Astronomy and studies in Archaeo-Astronomy can be traced in their true context.

When Job spoke these words however, the Bible, or even the Pentateuch had not been completed yet by Moses the lawgiver. Thus, we see in [Job 19:23], Job’s desire that his book would be part of the sacred written oracles tied to the bedrock truths of the Great Sphinx, engraved in stone as a testimony to his coming redeemer.

The word “graven” *H2710 [chaqaq] 3 in Job 19:24 means: to cut, carve, hew, square, quarry, mason or engrave. This is the same word translated as “lawgiver” in Gen. 49:10, and is the same root for the word “ordinances” in Job 38:33, in the sense that the ordinances or laws of God and nature, were many times engraved in stone, even as the 10 Commandments were by the “finger of God.” As we say God’s Word is “set in stone.” An important point to realize regarding this word [chaqaq] is that it is also translated as “Lawgiver” in Deut. 33:21 and “governors” in Judges 5:14. This relates to another ancient Egyptian name of the Sphinx;

Bel-hit, which means the “Lord who cometh” as seen in Deut. 33:21. Deuteronomy’s 33rd chapter includes  the Song of Moses, as the 5th chapter of Judges contains the Song of Deborah, both of which list the Tribes of Israel. Another occurrence of “Lawgiver” is seen below in Genesis 49, also a listing of the Tribes of Israel, all of which refer to the Biblical zodiac, containing celestial and Scriptural links to each of the tribes. These Biblical lists of the 12 tribes of Israel are refined in the discussion of the breastplate of Israel’s High Priest, that models the structure and symbolism of the Mazzaroth. Another occurrence of this word [chaqaq]  is found in Jeremiah.

The Mazzaroth and the 12 Tribes of Israel

Image result for mazzaroth images

Jer. 31:35-36
35 Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name: 36 If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me forever.

In Jer. 31:35 the root of this word [chaqaq] is used of the light of the celestial ordinances of the Sun by day, and the Moon and stars by night, [Gen.1:16-18]. The ordinances of God’s Covenant with the seed of Abraham were first written with the finger of God in the rock of His holy mountain and given to Moses the lawgiver, [Ex. 24:12 31:18, 32:16]. This verifies the relation between God’s celestial witness and His word written in the Scriptures [Ps. 19], memorialized in stone. It is a known historical and archaeological fact that the Great Sphinx was carved out of a rock formation on the Giza plateau, which is consistent with the testimony of God’s Word in Job 19:23, where the word “rock” [*H6697] means “a cliff, sharp rock compressed, or boulder.”4 We can see the intimate link between God’s stellar witness of His ordinances fulfilled in His covenant with the seed of Israel in verse 36 above. The promised seed was consummated in the Lord Jesus Christ. Jeremiah‘s key point is that the celestial witness of God’s Covenant with Day and Night [Jer. 33:20-26], has not ceased and no one is able to halt these celestial cycles and seasons set in motion by the Creator, thus the surety of the return of His promised seed for his people is set in the firmament, in stone, in Scripture, and irreversibly embodied in the Man Christ Jesus!

The union of the celestial signs of Leo the lion, with the woman Virgo in the female-headed Great Sphinx also depicts the life of Jesus, from birth, starting with the setting of Spica on September 11th, 3 BC. This is depicted in Gen. 49:9 as his human maturation from lion’s whelp, where his prey is provided for him, to stalking his own prey, unto his ultimate victory casting down and rending the dragon. This is the three-fold theme that ties directly to the celestial wonders of Revelation 12, linking God’s Word together with His stellar revelation. We have seen this set for us at the canonical start and finish of both the Biblical and stellar gospels, forming a parallel testimony of the Scriptures with the stars.

This mirrors the celestial symbolism of the Jupiter-Regulus triple unions seen in Genesis 49:9 depicting the growth cycle of the lion from whelp, to adult lion, to the aged lion at rest. This is another example of the corrupting influence of myth that still retains elements of the truth it hides. This triple Conjunction of Jupiter and Regulus in Leo marking the birth of Christ, also exemplifies the narrative in the entire zodiac, the great stellar witness of the ages that embodies God’s first revelation to the Patriarchs, beginning with Adam. As the star names of the 12 Constellations of the Mazzaroth with each of their decans relate varying aspects of the nature, sufferings and glory of the Promised Seed, so this witness is summarized in the first and last zodiacal signs that compromise the Great Sphinx.

Gen 49:10
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah“- “sceptre” is shebet in the Hebrew, the same word used in Numbers 24:17; referring to the “star out of Jacob and sceptre out of Israel.” This star out of Jacob is a clear reference to the king planet Jupiter which is covered in detail in the Astronomy of the Birth of Christ section of our try-god.com web-site.

lawgiver from between his feet“- Regulus the king star and the brightest star in Leo. “The Arabic word “regel” means “foot” and is identical in meaning to the Aramaic word “regla” and the Hebrew word “regel” tying in with “from between his feet” above.” In this one verse the Lion of Judah, Leo, intertwined with the lawgiver coming from between his feet, symbolizing the king star Regulus [Psalm 60:9]. This gives a clear Biblical picture of the stellar aspects of the Jupiter-Regulus triple union in Leo the lion of the tribe of Judah revealed in the 3 aspects of Genesis 49:9!

Lawgiver“- *H2710 [chaqaq] meaning; to cut or engrave, inscribe, establish, ordain, to decree, leadership, a ruler, a lawgiver; a scepter.5 It occurs 19 times in the Hebrew O.T. The main meaning is “writing or drawing in the sense of etching [Isa. 30:8; in a book] The root can mean to enact a decree [In Prov. 8:15 its used of a governor decreeing justice with wisdom.] This word [chaqaq] attests to the power of the coordinated decrees of God’s Word first written in the stars, then later in stone and in the Scriptures, providing a great precedent for the idea of all language being rooted in the celestial alphabet. [Ex. 32:13-16].

Finally the Word (logos) was made flesh in Jesus Christ, and God’s Word incarnate dwelt with us. These manifold witnesses to God’s omnipotent Glory and Grace, testify to the awesome beauty and Symmetry inherent in the mathematical precepts found at the basis of Creation. As the Red Thread and master key to the expression and interpretation of God’s Word, Jesus is the lawgiver, after the form of Moses, the ultimate decree of righteous judgment as the embodiment of the Word made flesh.

The decan of Virgo-Coma [from the Dendera Zodiac]

Related image

Psalm 19:1-5

1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth His handywork. 2 Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. 3 There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. 4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath He set a tabernacle for the sun, 5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. 6 His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

The word “line” in verse four refers to the ecliptic as the path in the Sun’s Tabernacle, at the end of the verse. These 12 houses or “Tabernacles of the Sun” refer to the 12 signs of the zodiac and the 12 tribes of Israel, the Bride of the Bridegroom. Here, the Bible compares the Sun to a Bridegroom in verse 5, running a race-course through the circuit of heaven, the 12 signs of the ecliptic and their decans. The Great Sphinx elucidates the details of the 19th Psalm because it unifies these Tabernacles of the Sun, first with Virgo, the woman, the Bride-Israel and last with Leo, the Lion of the tribe of Judah. Thus, all the tribes are presented to the Lord prepped for the marriage supper of the Lamb, preserved in this Great Stone Monument of the ages. As these magnificent monolithic witnesses to the Astronomy of the Biblical Patriarchs, the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid have preserved the principles of Biblical Astronomy timelessly, they embody God’s original truth.

The power of the Celestial Gospels is truly awesome, but due to the corrupting power of Astrology it has been misunderstood. We see below how mankind during the times after Noah’s Flood shared a common language, and the tremendous benefits this afforded the people as a result. One of these potent benefits is seen in the universal witness of the stars, which has literally spoken to every nation and kindred on the face of the earth. As the first 4 verses of the 19th Psalm declare, their voice or the teachings of the stars in their courses, have spoken clearly to all the earth and their words have been heard to the ends of the earth[Ps. 19:3-4]. This 19th Psalm (The Song of Creation) whose witness has spoken to mankind since the beginning with Adam exhibits a very intriguing structure: the first six verses pertaining to God’s Revelation written in the Heavens, employ verbs that are literary in nature. The second part of this Psalm pertains to God’s written revelation in His Word, and employs verbs that are astronomical in nature. The first set of verses refer to God’s Revelation as Creator, (ELOHIM), while the second set is the Revelation of God as (JEHOVAH) in His Covenant relationship to His people.This two part structure of the 19th Psalm is set in direct association and correspondence, even as God’s Word supports and witnesses God’s Works and vice versa.

Figuratively, the Sun is a symbol of the promised seed–Jesus Christ, weaving his way through the circular path of the ecliptic and the 12 houses of the Hebrew Mazzaroth, giving us the basic relationship between God’s earthly seed and His heavenly seed.

Gen. 22:17-18
That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed My voice. [Num. 24:7]

Here we find the true godly context of a comparison between the seed of Abraham and the stars of heaven. This truth was corrupted in astrological doctrines going back to Cush and Nimrod. An example of Nimrod’s corrupting influence of God’s Word written in the heavens is evident where he egotistically identifies himself with Orionthe hunter,” one of the most conspicuous Decans in the heavens, located on the celestial equator, intersecting the star groups of the ecliptic at the equinoxes. Sirius-the brightest star in the skies after the Sun and Moon, is aligned with Orion’s belt, prominent not only in Babylon but also ancient Egypt. Nimrod wanted to destroy the positive links between Sirius and Orion as seen in the Great Pyramid [more on his in Part 2] by inserting himself in the role of “Orion the hunter.”

The Decan of Orion.

great celestial river that proceeds from orion's foot

Gen 10:8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.

“Cush begat Nimrod”-  Cush means Chaos, or the “confounder”; in reference to he that causes confusion and error regarding truth.7 “Bel” also signified “the Confounder” or the god of chaos. 8 To trace the ancient usage of this word we find that it was contracted from the Aramaic form of “Baal,” the name of the main Babylonian triune god linked with Anu and Enki, found in the Epic of Gilgamesh. This idol system corresponds to the Greek god Zeus, or Jupiter in the Roman pantheon, [Isa. 46:1, Jer. 50:2, 51:34-58]The meaning of “Belial,” is also related to “Bel” seen from multiple viewpoints. First, the Hebrew roots of Belial, with the Masoretic vowels “beli”=without, and ya`al”=profit, gives a meaning of “worthless.” Secondly, Belial can also be derived from the Hebrew word “bala” meaning to swallow up, engulf. This describes one who is engulfed or swallowed up by the dragon, becoming worthless and unredeemable in the sight of the true God. The unwavering goal of the men of Belial is to corrupt God’s Word, which in the Patriarchal Age involved the corruption of the Celestial Gospel, since there was no written divine oracle until the time of Moses. Cush was a Patriarch of evil, and Nimrod his son carried the practice of evil exceedingly beyond his father, establishing and systematically working idolatry into civilization, being the equivalent of Cain after the flood.

began“- Nimrod “began” setting the standard of evil established in the “way of Cain,” following the flood.

“mighty”- marad; rebel= we will rebel. Nimrod organized people in cities, at first for protection against the wild beasts. A hero, tyrant & champion of evil, he lorded his power over men. He systemized the conquest of other nations with the use of military might, for the first time after the flood. This had the effect of elevating Nimrod as the protector of the people, above God in the eyes of the conquered, which he bolstered in linking himself with Orion in the heavens.

Gen 10:9-10 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said; {Nimrod’s name was a proverb for a hunter} Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. 10:10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

“mighty hunter before the LORD”-As a mighty hunter in defiance of God, he cleared the land of the beasts that threatened the people, and by bold and daring deeds in hunting beasts and kingdoms of men viewed as a  benefactor and protector of the people by seemingly benevolent acts, enticed men through fear, Nimrod made the way of Cain the new standard of civilization. He set up the first great universal false religion opposing God after Noah’s flood, founded upon the Babylonian idol Trinity of Bel, Anu and Enki, and was openly rebellious against God without remorse. The Beginning of his kingdom was Babel. Babylon was the first empire or Kingdom for Nimrod among men. Nimrod inspired the building of a city on the plain in the land of Shinar with a city and tower or Ziggarat, built with burnt bricks, whose reputation would make a name for themselves. This Tower of Babel is related in Gen. 11:4 as having a “top may reach unto heaven” in the KJV reflecting the words “may reach” in italics, indicating they were added by the translators in their effort to “clarify” he text. Since they were added, and do not appear in the Stephens text from which the KJV is taken, a  better translation would be a “top as a representation of the heavens.” But in an effort to establish the first great universal false religion after Noah’s Flood, the image of this tower did not reflect the original sense of the celestial gospel, and being based on idolatry, was openly rebellious against the true God. With the added advantage that the whole earth was of one language, [Gen. 11:1] this tower reflected an image completely removed from the true Creator which could influence the entire world’s population.

“Mighty”- is “gibbor” in Hebrew and “gigas” in Greek-LXX, meaning monstrous, or gigantic in evil. Rooted in ge, or “gaia” meaning earthborn as the “sons of gaia” the earth-goddess (Ashtoreth), the female form of the Babylonian trinity. It is interesting how the Gaia movement has been revitalized in modern times in the context of the “tree huggers” of the “Green movement,” bringing these ancient idols back from the idol foggy  mists-there is truly “nothing new under the Sun.”

“beginning of his kingdom was Babel”- Babylon was the beginning of this type of empire among men. As the prototype, Nimrod initiated the “canon” of the standard of teaching men to prosper and live outside of God. His canon included all categories of life; architecture, geometry, Astrology, music, martial arts etc. all devoted to idolatry. By building up standing armies and training men to fight, he conquered his neighbor-countries. This was the beginning of the corruption of the Astronomy of the Biblical Patriarchs, after the flood, seen not only in the fame of the Babylonian astrologers, but also in the architecture and astrology of the Tower or Ziggurat of Babel.

The Ziggurat at Ur.

Sümerler, Mezopotamya’ya yaklaşık olarak M.Ö. 3500’lerden sonra gelmeye başlamıştır.

Gen. 11:1 refers to one language and a common speech. This was a great advantage to these people who wanted to make a name for themselves, instead of the true God, who had saved their ancestors from the great flood. They wanted to centralize their location in a city and apply their astronomical and architectural expertise to design this city with man-made bricks instead of the stones of the land. The emphasis of their great tower was not that it reached to the heavens as is commonly misunderstood, but this tower would be a representation of the heavens in geometric and architectural design. Here we can see one setting where this sacred geometry was applied. As Livio Stecchini stated in reference to the ziggurats of Babylon;

“they transfer curved data to a flat surface in order to make a projection of the Earth’s hemisphere, with a minimum of distortion.” Each of the primary steps of the pyramid thus represents a 90 degree quadrant, and the levels can represent the zone between two parallels of Latitude in a series of Mercator projections, several thousand years before the advent of the Flemish cartographer.”

Thus one function of this ziggurat was to map the northern hemisphere of the Earth from the Equator to the pole, into seven zones each diminishing in width corresponding to the decreasing degrees of Latitude. This figure was a mirror image of ancient celestial maps. [Thompkins] This shows that an advanced geography based on this cosmic architecture did not evolve, but actually devolved after perverted by heathen Astrology, from what was first given by revelation from God. This sacred architecture based on celestial structure, not only embodies man’s relationship with his Creator, as seen in the sacred architecture of Noah’s Ark, and later the Hebrew Tabernacle and Temple, but also included specific prophecies of the coming promised seed including  details of his redemptive work, which set man’s alliance with the Creator back on course. These elements of sacred geometry are further seen in the 3rd 4th and 5th steps of the ziggurats of Babylon, which make triangles with sides measuring according to the 3-4-5 Pythagorean triangle. We have noted in other studies on our Try-god website how the 3-4-5 triangle was utilized in elements of the Hebrew Tabernacle and Temple, along with the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid.

We will see more in Part 2 of The Ancient Monuments of Biblical Archaeo-Astronomy in our next blog post…

God Bless!


Footnotes

1. Living in God’s Power Syllabus
2. Jesus Christ our Promised Seed, p.45, American Christian Press
3. Strong’s Concordance,
[H2710] James Strong
4. Ibid
[H6697]
5. Ibid [H2710]
6. The Companion Bible, E.W Bullinger, p737
7. “The Two Babylon’s,” A. Hislop, ppg. 26-27
8. Ibid
9. Secrets of the Great Pyramid, Peter Thompkins ppg. 184-85.

 

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The Pegasus Square and God’s Blueprints for Creation

The Symbolism of the Winged Horse-Pegasus has always intrigued me, both in its mythical and astronomical aspects. This month we will consider some of the Biblical symbolism of Pegasus, not only how it relates to the Return of Christ, but also some of its historical aspects starting with ancient Egypt. Before we do though, lets enjoy some selected verses from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow on “Pegasus in Pound;” 1

Výsledek obrázku pro andrew gonzalez

Once into a quiet village,
Without haste and without heed,
In the golden prime of morning,
Strayed the poet’s wingéd steed.

And the curious country people,
Rich and poor, and young and old,
Came in haste to see this wondrous
Wingéd steed, with mane of gold.

Patiently, and still expectant,
Looked he through the wooden bars,
Saw the moon rise o’er the landscape,
Saw the tranquil, patient stars;

Then, with nostrils wide distended,
Breaking from his iron chain,
And unfolding far his pinions,
To those stars he soared again.

On the morrow, when the village
Woke to all its toil and care,
Lo! the strange steed had departed,
And they knew not when nor where.

But they found, upon the greensward
Where his struggling hoofs had trod,
Pure and bright, a fountain flowing
From the hoof-marks in the sod.

From that hour, the fount unfailing
Gladdens the whole region round,
Strengthening all who drink its waters,
While it soothes them with its sound.

💃

These verses provide clues of the winged steed in the golden light of dawn, yearning for the stellar tranquility enlightened by the Moonlight. Longfellow hints of the mystery surrounding Pegasus and those influenced by the sounds of living waters as some were not only gifted as poets, but strengthened  as partakers of the fountain of life. This is interesting in that the origin of name “Pegasus” is from the Greek pegai, meaning “springs” or “waters.” A spring named “Hippocrene” on Mt. Helicon that was sacred to the Muses of Greek Myth-patrons of the arts, was formed by Pegasus striking the ground with his hoof. To get a fuller picture of this imagery, we will look at the astronomy of ancient Egypt from the Dendera Zodiac. As we view its axes linked with the Promised Seed, we will take a deeper look into the stars of the Pegasus Square, and their biblical significance. The four main stars of the Pegasus Square mark the body of the illustrious flying sky horse. As we can see in Figure 4 below, the Pegasus Celestial Horse depicts clearly how Alpharetz, the alpha-star of Andromeda, forms the upper left corner of the great Pegasus Square. Andromeda is pictured below in Figure 1, as a woman in chains, with the meaning of its star Al Pharetz as “the broken down.” [Job 16:14, Jer. 14:17] 2

As Jeremiah 14 states in reference to Andromeda:

Figure 1. Andromeda from Urania’s Mirror 3

Jeremiah 14:17b “Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease: for the virgin daughter of my people is broken with a great breach, with a very grievous blow.” The brightest star in this sign in Arabic, called Al Phiratz, has the same meaning-the broken down, or captive daughter of Zion.

The daughter of Zion pictured in Andromeda has always been persecuted by the enemy, which has been a dominant theme of Scripture for millennia. The Adversary has always pursued Israel, the nation that would bear the Promised Seed, and the believer’s genetic line through Abraham, Isaac & Jacob has born the brunt of this persecution. Thus the alpha star, Al Pharetz carries this message of the persecution of Israel as a primary theme, along with the deliverance of the Savior, seen in the Pegasus Square, where Al Pharetz is the brightest star in the Andromeda sign leading also to the nearby Andromeda Galaxy-the closest galaxy to our Milky Way.

Figure 2. Pegasus the winged horse between the two fish of Pisces.

The stellar composition of the Pegasus Square, included in the flying horse decan of Pegasus and Andromeda, is comprised of the four stars of the Square: Alpharetz-the brightest star in the Square, is a spectroscopic binary, whose two stars revolve around their common center in nearly 97 days. Algenib (below it), has the meaning of one “who carries” [Luke 19:12-15] in reference to the judgment and gifts the Lord carries with him when he returns in glory. Al Genib-gamma Pegasi, is one of three “guidestars, on the SE corner including Al Pharetz, situated on the NE corner and the Prime Meridian, is used as the base-line in mapping the celestial latitude and longitude lines. 4 This is a key in understanding the function of the Pegasus Square as a “basic reference unit” in mapping both the celestial and terrestrial global grids.

Figure 3. The Stars of the Pegasus Square between the Piscean Fish. 5

Pisces Stars

The third star Scheat, is the 2nd brightest star in the NW corner of the Square with the meaning of “one who goes and returns.Scheat is a Red Giant and variable star with a period ranging from 30-40 days. This star testifies to the surety of the Lord’s return in victorious glory, following the sufferings of his 1st appearance. The word for this star occurs in Numbers 11:8 in reference to manna from heaven, that is personified in Christ [John 6:48-58]. During his first appearance on the earth, Jesus was sent from heaven as a sacrificefor his saints,” so that man could eat the bread of life and not die. In his 2nd coming, the Lord will return in victorywith his saints”-the believers, manifesting this eternal life, conquering death forever. Finally, Markab the bright star of Pegasus, refers to the Messiah: “returning from afar.” 6 The Arabic word here means a ship, saddle or anything ridden upon. 7 We find this imagery of the Lord’s victorious return in [Rev. 19:11-14] “with his saints,” who join him on white horses in his ultimate victory over evil. Markab is a first magnitude spectro-scopic binary star, on the SW corner of the Square, with Al- Genib, the wing-tip of Pegasus also on the south side pictured below.

Figure 4. The Pegasus Square Asterism joined to Andromeda. 8

The Hebrew word for Markab is found in Micah 4:2-3.

4:2 And many nations shall come and say, Come let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and go to the house of the God of Jacob; and He will teach us of His ways, and we will walk in His paths: for the law shall go forth from Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem3. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore.

These references first to the Mountain of the Lord, refers to the Mountain of Jehovah, indicating God [Jehovah] in relation to His Creation. The “house of the God of Jacob”-God here is Elohim or God as the Creator. Jacob usually refers to his natural seed, and Israel to his spiritual seed. Isaiah 44 below, reveals a key occurrence of these terms. The House [H1004-bayith] 9 of God tells us of the Temple, of Israel, where God appeared to His people yearly on the Day of Atonement. This shows the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, not only as the line of believer’s, but as the nation wherein all the nations of the earth are to be blessed. God’s will is that everyone is saved and comes unto the knowledge of the truth, and Christ’s commission is to the entire world.

Isa. 44:2-3,5 Thus saith the Lord that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not O Jacob, my servant, and thou Jeshurun whom I have chosen. 3. For I will pour water upon him who is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: and My blessing upon thy offspring. 5. One shall say I am the Lord’s and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

These verses in Isaiah 44 relate some key celestial truths that we need to understand. Here we can witness the transformation of Jacob the deceiver and conniver, to Jacob the righteous, relating to the meaning of Jeshurun.

Figure 5. Aquarius from Jamieson’s Celestial Atlas [1822] 10

Star Constellation Facts: Aquarius

I will pour water upon him who is thirsty”- is a reference to Aquarius the water bearer, who pours out his water as a symbol of the holy spirit upon mankind. Since the flying horsePegasus, is a decan of Aquarius, these truths concerning Markab fit together quite well as an extension of the truths told in Aquarius, since the Temple or “house of the God of Jacob,” is the place where God first poured his gift of holy spirit upon mankind on the Day of Pentecost, in the New Testament Age of Grace, [Acts 2]. This is the embodiment of God’s promise to Abraham to bless all the nations of the earth, since this was the first time the gift of holy spirit was shared as seed upon the Gentiles collectively, initiating the spiritual body of Christ.

My blessing upon thy offspring”-God’s blessing upon Jacob’s offspring coincides with the promises God gave Abraham [Gen. 13:14-17, 15:4-7] which pertained not only unto the Seed of Abraham and the nations of the world, but also to the Promised Land. We find the fulfillment of God’s promises to Abraham in Jacob in Genesis 28.

(Gen 28:11-15)  And he lighted6293 upon a certain place,4725 and tarried there all night,3885, 8033 because3588 the sun8121 was set;935 and he took3947 of the stones4480, 68 of that place,4725 and put7760 them for his pillows,4763 and lay down7901 in that1931 place4725 to sleep. (12And he dreamed,2492 and behold2009 a ladder5551 set up5324 on the earth,776 and the top7218 of it reached5060 to heaven:8064 and behold2009 the angels4397 of God430 ascending5927 and descending3381 on it. (13And, behold,2009 the LORD3068 stood5324 above5921 it, and said,559 I589 am the LORD3068 God430 of Abraham85 thy father,1 and the God430 of Isaac:3327 the land776 whereon834, 5921 thou859 liest,7901 to thee will I give5414 it, and to thy seed;2233 (14And thy seed2233 shall be1961 as the dust6083 of the earth,776 and thou shalt spread abroad6555 to the west,3220 and to the east,6924 and to the north,6828 and to the south:5045 and in thee and in thy seed2233 shall all3605 the families4940 of the earth127 be blessed.1288 (15)  And, behold,2009 I595 am with5973 thee, and will keep8104 thee in all3605 places whither834 thou goest,1980 and will bring thee again7725 into413 this2063 land;127 for3588 I will not3808 leave5800 thee, until5704, 834, 518 I have done6213 (853) that which834 I have spoken1696 to thee of.

What was this place that Jacob came upon where his father Isaac, and his grandfather Abraham had built an altar. Yes it was the exact location where Isaac was bound to the altarMount Moriah, the site that eventually became the holy city of Jerusalem, where Jacob was unwittingly lead in his trek through the desert that night, to this holy place. This confirms the witness of Micah 4:2 above regarding the star Markab, where the law shall go forth from Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem… I have also included selected excerpts from Keil & Delitsch’ Commentary to enlighten our view and understanding of this record of “Jacob’s Ladder,” marked [K&D] below.

(K&D)  Jacob’s Dream at Bethel.-“As he was traveling from Beersheba, where Isaac was then staying (Gen. 26:25), to Haran, Jacob came to a place where he was obliged to stop all night, because the sun had set. The words “he hit (lighted) upon the place,” indicate the apparently accidental, yet really divinely appointed choice of this place for his night-quarters; and the definite article points it out as having become well known through the revelation of God that ensued. After making a pillow with the stones (מְאֲשֹׁת, head-place, pillow), he fell asleep and had a dream, in which he saw a ladder resting upon the earth, with the top [rosh] reaching to heaven; [as a stone ziggurat] and upon it angels of God going up and down, and Jehovah Himself standing above it. The ladder was a visible symbol of the real and uninterrupted fellowship between God in heaven and His people upon earth. The angels upon it carry up the wants of men to God, and bring down the assistance and protection of God to men. The ladder stood upon the earth, just where Jacob was lying in solitude, forsaken by men. Above in heaven stood Jehovah, explaining in words the symbol that he saw. Proclaiming Himself to Jacob as the God of his fathers, He not only confirmed to him all the promises of the fathers in their fullest extent, but promised him protection on his journey and a safe return to his home (Gen. 28: 13-15). But the fulfillment of this promise to Jacob was still far off, so God added the firm assurance, “I will not leave thee till I have done (carried out) what I have told thee.” 11

(Gen 28:16-17)  And Jacob3290 awaked3364 out of his sleep,4480, 8142 and he said,559 Surely403 the LORD3068 is3426 in this2088 place;4725 and I595 knew3045 it not.3808 (17)  And he was afraid,3372 and said,559 How4100 dreadful3372 is this2088 place!4725 this2088 is none369 other but3588, 518 the house1004 of God,430 and this2088 is the gate8179 of heaven.8064

(K&D) Jacob spoke the impression made by this vision as soon as he awoke from sleep, in the words, “Surely Jehovah is in this place, and I knew it not.” The revelation was intended not only to stamp the blessing, with which Isaac had dismissed him from his home, with the seal of divine approval, but also to impress upon Jacob’s mind the fact, that although Jehovah would be near to protect and guide him in a foreign land, the land of promise was the holy ground on which the God of his fathers would set up the covenant of His grace. The place was none other than “the house of God and the gate of heaven,” i.e., a place where God dwelt, and a way that opened to Him in heaven. 12

The Tower of David in Jerusalem
Tower of David - Jerusalem. Definitely on my list of places to visit.

The house of God and the gate of heaven refer to the future site of the Jerusalem Temple Mount. He explains that the foot of the ladder in Jacob’s dream was in Beersheba, and the top was in Luz. Therefore the ladder’s midsection was over Mount Moriah as the pivotal point of their encounter. Upon his awakening Jacob realizes he has visited the dwelling place of God-the most intimate spot where Abraham’s prayers were answered in heaven. The Temple as God’s abode is fitting since it was in the holy of the holies that God revealed His Shekina glory (שכינה) of His Presence among His people. This makes the location the so-called “axis-mundi” or center of the earth not only for Israel, but all mankind as is fulfilled in the Christ millennium when all the world’s population will make a regular pilgrimage to Jerusalem to worship Christ as the King of Kings. We also find this truth in Gen. 28:14 above, where Jacob’s seed as the “dust of the earth” spreads out on the cardinal directions of the compass; to the west, east, north, and south to bless all the families of the earth.

(Gen 28:18-19) And Jacob3290 rose up early7925 in the morning,1242 and took3947 (853) the stone68 that834 he had put7760 for his pillows,4763 and set it up7760, (853) for a pillar,4676 and poured3332 oil8081 upon5921 the top7218 of it. (19) And he called7121 (853) the name8034 of that1931 place4725 Bethel:1008 but199 the name8034 of that city5892 was called Luz3870 at the first.7223

(K&D)  In the morning Jacob set up the stone at his head, as a monument (מַצֵּבָה) to commemorate the revelation he had received from God; and poured oil upon the top, to consecrate it as a memorial of the mercy was been shown him there, not an idol or an object of divine worship (Ex. 30:26). He then gave the place the name of Bethel, i.e., House of God, whereas (וְאוּלָם) the town had been called Luz before. He renewed it on his return from Mesopotamia (Gen. 35:15). This is confirmed by Gen. 48:3, where Jacob, like the historian in Gen. 35:6-7, speaks of Luz as the place of this revelation. (see K&D notes on Josh. 16:2). 13

(Gen 28:20-22)  And Jacob3290 vowed5087 a vow,5088 saying,559 If518 God430 will be1961 with5973 me, and will keep8104 me in this2088 way1870 that834 I595 go,1980 and will give5414 me bread3899 to eat,398 and raiment899 to put on,3847 (21) So that I come again7725 to413 my father’s1 house1004 in peace;7965 then shall the LORD3068 be1961 my God:430 (22)  And this2063 stone,68 which834 I have set7760 for a pillar,4676 shall be1961 God’s430 house:1004 and of all3605 that834 thou shalt give5414 me I will surely give the tenth6237, 6237 unto thee.

(K&D)  Lastly, Jacob made a vow: that if God would give him the promised protection on his journey, and bring him back in safety to his father’s house, Jehovah should be his God (וְהָיָה in Gen. 28:21 commences the apodosis), the stone which he had set up should be a house of God, and Jehovah should receive a tenth of all that He gave to him. It is noted here, that Elohim is used in the protasis instead of Jehovah, as constituting the essence of the vow: if Jehovah, who had appeared to him, proved Himself to be God by fulfilling His promise, then he would acknowledge and worship Him as his God, by making the stone thus set up into a house of God, i.e., a place of sacrifice, and by tithing all his possessions. With regard to the fulfillment of this vow, we learn from Gen. 35:7 that Jacob built an altar, and probably also dedicated the tenth to God, i.e., offered it to Jehovah; according to the analogy of Deut. 14:28-29 (cp. Gen. 31:54; 46:1). 14

The Dendera Zodiac

God’s promise to Abraham, Isaac & Jacob pertained not only unto the Seed of Abraham but also to the Promised Land. The holy place that Jacob was drawn to was the place that God chose to place his Name, that Jacob was to honor with the tithes of his increase, [Deut. 14:23]. The Square of Pegasus can be understood as a special depiction of this truth, that is established also from secular sources. In Hamlet’s Mill, Santillana and von Dechend have presented illustrations of the Pegasus Square in agreement with the Egyptian hieroglyph for the Square, seen on the Dendera Zodiac, as a rectangle, either empty or filled with fish/water, positioned between the fish of Pisces. According to Peter Thomkins;

The Square of Pegasus was considered the starting point in mapping of the sky. The ancients from the Sumerians to the Romans, in surveying land began by marking a square of a standard dimension, then proceeded to measure out of it in a checkerboard pattern. In cuneiform texts the name l-iku is given to the basic surveying square, to a unit of land surface, and to the Pegasus Square. In ancient Egyptian this hieroglyph referred to a district extending for 15 degrees from MemphisSokar, to the Apex of the Delta, showing that this district was viewed as the basic reference unit, from which they began the mapping of Northern and Southern Egypt.”15

This basic reference unit of land became a boundary between N. & S. Egypt, marked by 3 parallels [1st 30.06’, @ the apex of the Delta, 2nd perfect latitude of the Great Pyramid; 30.00’,3rd 29.51’] The area between these 3 latitudes was organized as a special district belonging neither to N. or S. Egypt. {as the idea of a gnomon} 16, even as the Great Pyramid is the basic reference unit of the earth on a 1 to 43,200 scale model @ the Apex of the delta, mapping the latitude and longitudinal lines of the globe from pole to pole both on earth and in the celestial sphere! This reveals God’s plan of Creation and explains a key scientific and spiritual purpose behind the Pyramid, not only as a map and master-plan of all Creation both above and below, but depicting it with the greatest and only surviving wonder of the ancient world, with implements that modern man can still not duplicate. This also shows the place of the Great Pyramid [Isa. 19] in the Creator’s Covenant, in context of God’s promises to Abraham relating to the Promised Seed and the Promised Land.

Figure 6. Axis “E” on the Dendera Zodiac crossing the Pegasus Square. 17

This E-axis begins in Coma, proceeding unto Virgo, crossing over the star Spica, between Virgo and Leo the Lion. It then intersects the crocodile/ Jackal pole in the center of the Zodiac, before it proceeds to the first of the two Fishes of Pisces. Before this axis hits the 2nd fish however, it crosses over the Pegasus Square, the so-called “tablet of destiny” is distinctly marked prior to completing its course through Pisces. Finally, this 5th axis bisects the Ram-headed altar at the edge of the Zodiac, finishing its course. In this way Dendera’s axis “E” is understood as an answer to the great Pegasus Square enclosed by Pisces representing both the Paradise field and also the ark of (Noah-Hebrew/Babylon or Utnapishtim/Sumerian).

Together with the Great Square, the two fish form an important motif in art from around the world. The square is often depicted as a game-board, with two fish, one on either side. What is also interesting is how the stars of the Pegasus Square in between the stars of the two fish of Pisces are interpreted in a similar theme by cultures separated in time and distance in history as we have seen before with the World-Monomyth. As we find these roots in the Biblical record of the Tower of Babel, [Gen. 10-11] when all humanity shared the same language and astronomy depicted at the apex of the tower, we can see with these common roots, the supposed condition of various indigenous world cultures navigating the seas to the shores of other countries to make physical contact, was not a requirement to share elements of a common World Mono-myth shared by all at their inception. The roots of Babylon lie in ancient Sumeria, and it is here that we find the earliest references to “Iku” as the square in land surveying linked to the Square of Pegasus.

An iku  was a square measure of 100 musar, or about 3,600 square meters, which is approximately one modern acreIku was also the name of the constellation now called Pegasus, or more particularly the Square of PegasusAmong the Babyloniansthe Square of Pegasus was represented by four stars which do indeed make nearly a square shape in the heavens. In ancient Sumeria-Iku was meant to be the home of their God Enki his other home was Eridu, identified with the star Canopus in ArgoThe Field Iku represents is a barley field divided by a series of irrigation ditchesThe constellation rises as the barley is regularly irrigated and starts to ripen. In ancient Sumerian astrology its omens foretell the nature of the coming harvest.”18

One could easily liken this grid of irrigation ditches to the lines of latitude and longitude used for mapping the celestial and terrestrial globes, not to mention how this system was utilized in ancient Sumeria for agricultural purposes as seen in Egypt with Sirius-the Nile star.

According to H.G. Wood: “the ziggurat of Jupiter Belus at Babylon had an ideal basis in the number 360. He describes a 7-staged pyramid in which each of the six upper stages is 360 inches shorter than the one next below it: the base side was 3,600 inches, and the total height of the structure was 3,600 inches. Wood therefore concludes that: the entire system of ancient Babylonian metrology appears to have been derived from 360 x 360 x 100 or, 12,960,000.”19

noahs calendar

This number total (12,960,000) happens to be half the length of solar years in the precession of the equinoxes showing the precessional basis of timekeeping as an ancient temporal standard related to Noah’s calendar. This perfect template of the cosmic order is based on the beauty of the precessional pattern, as seen in the sun’s trajectory through it’s annual course, where it “dwells” in each of the 12 houses of the zodiac for one month. The Sun moves in its circuit at a rate of 12 miles per second or 43,200 miles per hour (1/3 of 1,296,000) as it carries its train of planets in our solar system, and shedding its light upon the earth within the boundaries of the tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. As the Sun illuminates the earth for twelve hours each day; (43,200 seconds), and since there are 86,400 seconds in each 24-hour day, we find the earth moving through 1,296,000 seconds of arc every 24 hours. It is also interesting to note that the diameter of the sun is 86,400 miles, thus the time it takes for the sun’s light to cover the space of the earth’s surface relates to it’s own diameter. 

Gen. 28:22b And this2063 stone,68 which834 I have set7760 for a pillar,4676 shall be1961 God’s430 house:1004

The Stone [Eben-H68] that Jacob set for a pillar [H4676] is the same word used in Isa. 19:19 for the Great Pyramid, the prototypical “stone ladder.” [Gen. 11:4, Ex. 14:2 Ezek. 29:10, 30:6, Jer. 44:1, 46:14] ziggurat-tower of Babel. In Gen. 28: 18, 22, 31:13, 35, 51, 52 etc.  This same word for “pillar” [H4676] is used for Jacob’s Ladder and the stone Jacob used as a “pillow” and later made into an altar respecting his Covenant with God. 20

pillar”- H4676 {matstsebah}from H5324, in Isaiah 19:19. Something stationed, a column, memorial stone, a monument usually with religious significance. The root means to stand erect, establish boundaries, be firm and healthy. {Ex. 7:15; 34:2, Ps. 82:1, Gen. 28:18, 22; Micah 5:12, II Kgs. 3:2, 10:26, 18:4}. 18 John 2:19 is also uniquely depicts Christ-the signal-beacon in Jerusalem stone-temple, and the Great Pyramid. In a related blog post we discussed the function of the Great Pyramid as a “boundary stone” not only in ancient Egypt, but also relating to the ancient boundaries of Israel. The boundaries marked by the Pyramid clearly mark the borders of Egypt, but also mark the promised land boundaries in God’s Word.

Figure 7a. The Great Pyramid Squaring the Circle. 22
Great Pyramid and Squaring the Circle

The Pyramid is so designed that for all practical purposes it accomplishes the squaring of the circle. The Pyramid’s base is a square whose perimeter is equal to the circumference of a circle whose radius is the Pyramid’s height. The square holds the Earth ‘s dimensions seen in the base of the Pyramid, while the circle is a reflection of the heavens seen not only in its unique location at the center of landmass for our planet, but also as a scale model of our planet’s dimensions on a 1 to 43.200 basis. 

Figure 7b. The Great Pyramid Squaring the Circle. 22


We also find in the 4 triangular sides of the Pyramid, two sides each measured by the pi/phi ratios, with Christ as the chief cornerstone. This shows us how the Great Pyramid mirrors heaven and earth, by squaring the 2D circle, and cubing the expanded 3D sphere in a cosmology that has been reflected with various imagery through the myths of many world cultures, all finding their ultimate meaning in the key touchstone of Biblical Archaeo-Astronomy to help us discern the times wherein we reside. As Jesus said in Matthew;

Matthew 16:2-3 
He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is redAnd in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?

Luke 12:39-40
39 
And this know, that if the good-man of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through. 
40 Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not41 Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all? 42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season? 43 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.

As the time of the Lord’s return draws near, we must not only discern the times, but also know what action to take to be ready and faithful. The faithful servant will know how to prevent his house from being robbed, to insure that his spiritual inheritance and reward is not stolen or lost, aiding others in ministry doing the same.

God Bless!


Footnotes

1. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow poetry on “Pegasus in Pound;”
2. Witness of the Stars, p. 101,  E.W. Bullinger
3. Andromeda from Urania’s Mirror [picture credit]
4. Star Names-Their Lore and Meaning, p. 35. R. Hinckley Allen
5. http://www.astronomytoday.com/astronomy/pegasus.html [picture crfedit]
6. Witness of the Stars, p. 90,  E.W. Bullinger
7. Star Names-Their Lore and Meaning, p. 324. R. Hinckley Allen
8. [Picture credit] http://earthsky.org/favorite-star-patterns/great-square-of-pegasus-wings-in-sept-equinox
9. Strong’s Concordance [H1004-bayith], James Strong
10. Aquarius from Jamieson’s Celestial Atlas [1822] picture credit
11. Keil & Delitsch’ Commentary on Gen. 28:11-15
12. IBID Gen. 28:16-17
13. IBID Gen. 28:18-19
14. IBID Gen. 28:20-22
15. Secrets of the Great Pyramid, Peter Thompkins p. 297
16. IBID
17. The Atlantis Blueprint- 
Axis “E” on the Dendera Zodiac picture credit
18. https://www.academia.edu/22401454/On_Chinese_Astrology_s_Imperviousness_to_External_Influences
19. Ancient Metrology, H.G. Wood
20. Strong’s Concordance; [Eben-H68], [H4676]
21. www.cropcirclesandmore.com [Bert Janssen] picture credit
22. IBID,  picture credit

 

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Birth of Jesus Christ

Comet Giacobini-Zinner and the Birth and Return of Jesus Christ

The skies of September 2018 are full of signs for those who are watchful with eyes to see what the Lord has in store for his people! Not only are we recognizing the anniversary of the birth of Christ and all the events surrounding 9-11, but this is also the busiest month on the sacred Hebrew Calendar with the 7th month of Tishri opening on their New Years day, Sept. 10th. This day also marks a celestial event that was witnessed during the birth of Christ, with the appearance of the comet that caused the meteor shower at his birth. So from our initial awareness of this comet it signifies an important symbolism in connection with Israel, and Christianity. For the Christians, the Feast of Trumpets is one of the seven feasts of Israel, with the three spring feasts showing Christ’s coming, the Feast of Pentecost showing the coming of the Church, and the three fall feasts showing Christ’s Second Coming. The Feast of Trumpets is a prophetic representation of the trumpet call of God and the Second Coming of Christ, (1 Cor. 15:52, 1 Thess. 4:16).

Comet Giacobini-Zinner
 is officially known as 21P/Giacobini-Zinner. The “21P” label means it’s the 21st short-period comet with a calculated orbit.  Comet 21P’s orbital period is ruled by the King Planet Jupiter, because the orbits of this class of comets don’t extend outside Jupiter’s orbit. Since Jupiter has the largest gravitational footprint of all planets in our solar system, it has not only captured numerous small comets, but it can also influence the orbits of by-passing comets. Short-period comets return to the center of our solar system in intervals of less than or equal to 2 centuries.

Comet 21P’s orbital period is about 6.6 years, and its closest approach to the Sun — can occur in any month. This takes place due to the changing orbit of the comet as it by-passes Jupiter. This year, Giacobini-Zinner arrives at perihelion on 9-10-18; or New Year’s day on Rosh Hashannah, in the Hebrew Calendar corresponding to the birth of Christ on Sept. 11th, 3 BC. Below we can see the trajectory of this comet moving through the sign Auriga-the Shepherd who provides safety for God’s people in the day of wrath. The chart in Figure 1 below is useful to track 21P/G-Z through mid-September. The comet’s location is shown daily at 0h UT with positions marked every 5 days.

Figure 1. The Path of Comet Giacobini-Zinner 21p through Auriga and surrounding skies in Sept. 2018. 1

Image result for Comet 21p rosh

from SkyMap software

 As the path of the comet G-Z 21p intersects the binary star Capella-the brightest star in Auriga, we find imagery of the Shepherd gathering his flock into his bosom, [Ezek, 34:22]. Another major star in Auriga is El Nath, in the Shepherd’s heel, meaning wounded or slain, which is pierced by the horn of the Great Bull-Taurus. This fact is emphasized in that the star El Nath is also part of the horn of Taurus the Bull, and is included in both signs. This depicts the sacrifice of our Great Shepherd Jesus Christ who gave his life for the Sheep, [John 10:11]. This does not refer to the gathering together of the Church, but to the rescue of the remnants of Israel from the evil persecution of the Beast out of the tribulation. 2

Figure 2. Constellation Auriga from Urania’s Mirror. 3

There is certainly much in current events  regarding Jerusalem coinciding with these celestial events. Back on Dec. 6th of 2017 the Trump administration announced plans to move the US Embassy to Jerusalem, causing great controversy among the Islamic nations opposing this recognition of Jerusalem by a major world power in connection with Israel. The timing of this is interesting when we look at the Jubilee calendar that has marked other key events related to Jerusalem in recent history.  As we correlate the two previous Jubilees in 1917 and 1967, we find an intriguing history where in 1917, Jerusalem was liberated from the Ottoman Turks under General Allenby, just a few weeks after the Balfour Declaration promised Israel a homeland. This date is key in Dec. 1917 when viewed in a prophetic time span of Shemitah cycles [360 x 7] that total 2,520 years starting in 605-4 BC when the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem, leading Israel away into the Babylonian Captivity. In the Balfour Declaration on November 2, 1917-during the 1917-1918 Jubilee, to the retaking of the Western Wall during the 1966-1967 Jubilee, to the current Jubilee in 2017-2018, God is at work restoring His Jubilee Blessings to Israel in stages. The Temple Mount seems the next logical stage of this restoration process, where we could see provisions for a third Temple in Jerusalem. The new US Embassy was opened on the 70th anniversary of the rebirth of the State of Israel-May 14th, 2018. One key aspect of Biblical Jubilees is the restoration of the land to the original owners, thus it is interesting to see the progressive restoration of the lands of Israel including Jerusalem to the people who have returned to live in modern State of Israel.

This great 2520 year period is called the great seven times of prophecy in Leviticus 26:18, Then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. v.21 Then, if you walk contrary to Me, and are not willing to obey Me, I will bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins. v. 24 then I also will walk contrary to you, and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins. v.27 And after all this, if you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me, v. 28 then I also will walk contrary to you in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.

God is certainly making a point in this record among other judgments, what He brings upon Israel if they continue to walk against Him in all their ways. After tyhe repetitions of the 7 times of Judgement, it also records the desolation of their cities including Jerusalem, and how their lands will not produce for them because Israel ignored the pattern of sabbaths to rest their lands [Levi. 26:34-37, 42-46] as God commanded-leading to the Jubilees Sabbaths.

Israel lost her sovereignty in 605-4 BC, yielding a perfect 2520-year period (360 x 7), minus the 70 years captivity in Babylon, was  fulfilled in 1948 when Israel regained her independence. In 586 BC, the city of Jerusalem was destroyed as well as the Temple. This took place 19 years after 605 BC when King Nebuchadnezzar had removed their national sovereignty and sat King Jehoiakim as vassal ruler, (2 Kings 24:1). Using 586 BC as the start point of another time measurement, when Jerusalem is destroyed, another 2520-year period (again subtracting 70 years for the captivity of Jerusalem) is fulfilled in 1967 when Israel recaptures Jerusalem, June 7, 1967. The eternal covenant of God with His people Israel cannot be separated from the land of Israel (Psalm 105:7-11) and its ultimate fulfillment is in accordance with His precise timing.

The city of Jerusalem and the Temple lay desolate for 70 years. After that period of desolation the 2520-Year countdown began and culminated on June 7, 1967 when Israel regained control over Jerusalem. They also gained control of the Temple Mount, but they had to return control back to the King of Jordan, who still retains control of the Temple Mount today. ​In the 20th century, the Nation of Israel regained her sovereignty, celebrating her Independence on May 14, 1948. Nineteen years later, the city of Jerusalem came under Israeli control on June 7, 1967. This Gentile dominion over Jerusalem is structured in 2 1260 year periods [1260 x 2 =2520] leading up to the current countdown to the end times, where we will see a transition from 2520 years, to 2520 weeks, to 2520 days, leading us to a period just short of the 7-year tribulation period. As the time periods on God’s clock decrease from years to weeks to days and even hours, so the countdown to judgment of the world quickens as time grows shorter for our deliverance. As we read in the narrative of Biblical history, the nation of Israel did not repent to God for their shortcomings, and only a small minority returned under Ezra to rebuild the wall after the captivity. God anticipated this rebellion from what we see above in Leviticus 26. There, God warned Moses, if his descendants didn’t repent and return after the captivity, His seven-fold wrath would fall upon them. ​We have already seen [360 years x 7] = 2520 remaining years of judgment in the 1260 x 2 periods of Gentile dominion over Jerusalem in history.

Bullinger believed that these 1260 year periods marking the Gentile’s dominion over Jerusalem and its Temple in history, would foreshadow two 1260 day periods in the end-timeswhen the final Abomination of Desolation was to be fulfilled, before and during the Great Tribulation. [2 Thess. 2:1-4]. This time of the fullness of the Gentiles is supported in the heavens with findings in the 1260 days from the 1st Blood Moon Eclipse of the 2014-15 Tetrad to the Rev. 12 sign, @ 9/23/17, as a precursor to the 2 periods of 1260 days contained in the 7 year tribulation, [Rev. 11:1-3, 12:6, 14, 13:5].

The last Blood Moon eclipse of the 2014-15 Tetrad on Sept. 28, 2015, as the only Moon in the Tetrad visible in Jerusalem, occurred 2520 weeks from the end of the 6-Day-War, during the previous Blood Moon Tetrad of 1967-68, as Israel reclaimed control over Jerusalem for the first time since 70 AD. This is enlightening when we recall the 7 weeks, or 49-day count between Passover and Pentecost, is also the basis for the 7 weeks of years that form the 50 Year Jubilee on the Hebrew Calendar, as seen in the 50 years between 1967-68 to 2017-18. This gives us a common standard for calculating weeks, days and years in Biblical time-keeping, established in the feasts of PassoverPentecost and the Hebrew Jubilee. This manner of Sabbath counting can apply to a week of days, as the weekly Sabbatha week of weeks, such as the counting  from Passover to Pentecosta week of years bringing a Sabbath Year; or even a week of Sabbath Years, bringing a Jubilee. And as we have seen in connection with the two princes of [Daniel 9:25-27] with Jesus it was a literal week of seven days, whereas with the anti-Christ it is a week of seven years wherein he disrupts the temple sacrifices in the 7 year tribulation at the halfway mark of 1260 days.

As a follow-up to the Giacobini-Zinner Comet 21p arriving on Sept. 10th this week at the Feast of Trumpets, the Trump Administration has also announced plans to reveal some details of a Middle-East Peace Plan at the UN, during the Feast of Tabernacles. We will have to wait and see how things develop along these lines, but it sure makes for an intriguing September!!

Image result for Comet 21p rosh

An interesting truth concerning the meteor shower related to Comet G-Z 21p is that this is the same comet that caused the meteor showers at the birth of Christ. I was first introduced to the concept of a meteor shower at Christ’s birth by Rev. Jon Nessle, when I heard a teaching he did years ago, linking this specific Meteor shower to the second celestial wonder of Rev. 12, relating the Eta-Draconid meteors surrounding the birth of Christ

According to Rev. Nessle, there are actually three sets of Draconid meteorstwo of which show a radiant from Eta-Draconis. One of these is viewed as the greater with the other the lesser of the Eta-Draconids. It is the lesser of these two that occurred during the period of September 9th-12th in 3 BC. What is unique about this Meteor shower is that the lesser Eta-Draconids are best viewed at sunset, or in the early evening, while most Meteor showers are best seen later at night, as stated in the excerpt below from the Oct. 2nd, 98’ Weekly News Bulletin of Sky & Telescope;

On the evening of October 8th, debris from the Periodic Comet 21P/ Giacobini-Zinner may provide a stunning sky show. The Giacobinid Meteor shower produced two of the greatest Meteor displays seen in this century in 1933 and 1946. Lesser showers arrived in 1926, 1952, and 1985… Unlike most Meteor showers, the Giacobinids are at their best in the evening rather than after midnight. Their radiant is in the tail of the Constellation Draco. This point is highest right after dark at mid-northern latitudes; it moves lower throughout the night and is near the horizon by dawn.”6

This is a key because of the signs in Virgo at sunset on 9-11-3 BC, marking the birth of the promised seed occurred at the same time that these meteors were falling from the sky, signifying the casting down of the dragon from his former place of honor.

Image result for Comet 21p rosh

Even though the Earth’s passage through the comet’s trail can be predicted, the resulting intensity of the Meteor shower activity cannot be, with such certainty. It seems dependent upon how close the comet’s by-pass of the Earth is, and this year is one of the closest in modern history. It is intriguing that there were no Draconid Meteor Showers seen for over 1800 years since the birth of Christ until the year 1900.

 Skywatchers first noticed these meteors in October 1926, two months before the comet itself passed by, coming from the direction of the head of the constellation Draco, the dragon. So, the meteors were christened the October Draconids, or Giacobinids. Stupendous meteor “storms” with rates of 4,000 to 6,000 meteors per hour accompanied the visits of 21P in 1933 and 1946. Nowadays, the
Draconid meteor shower peaks around Oct. 8, but usually only in those years surrounding 21P’s return, especially very favorable ones (such as this year). Let’s take a closer look at the reference to the crooked serpent in Job 26.

Job 26:12-13 He divideth the sea with his powerand by His understanding he smiteth through the proud. [13] By his spirit He hath garnished the heavensHis hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

 This record in Job is a unique reference to Draco, due to Thuban’s position as the pole star sighted down the descending passage of the Great Pyramid, garnishing the heavens. It was the omnipotent Hand of the Creator that formed the crooked serpent, garnishing the Heavens, with Draco the dragon originally at its pinnacle. We should also realize that even though the north-pole of the Equator has been wrested from the dragon, via the precession of the poles, he still holds sway over the pole of the ecliptic, the celestial center point around which the circle of the equatorial pole revolves. This is the still point in the heavens located in the core of the dragon, between the stars Grumium and Chi Draconis. A note of interest on the star Grumium, also spelled Grumian, meaning the subtle or deceiver, is that Denning: “considers it the radiant point of the Meteor stream seen about the 29th of May, also called The Draconids.”4  This probably identifies one of three separate Meteor showers emanating from Draco, with this one being the only one whose radiant is not Eta-Draconis.

draco

  1. September 9th to the 12th. TheEta-Draconid Meteor Showers, with their radiant in Draco, the Dragon cast down.  The Moon was mid-body with the Sun in Virgo occulting the planet Venus, starting at 11:50 PM.

Revelation 12: 3-5
 3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. 4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. 5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

“And there appeared another wonder in heaven”- “Another” is a Greek word indicating that this heavenly wonder was different from that described in Rev. 12:1. Even as the first heavenly wonder involved the Constellation Virgo, so this second heavenly wonder also involved a celestial Constellation, not a planetary Conjunction this time, but a Meteor shower. Since the Draconid Meteor shower historically began on the 9th of September, there were already some meteors falling two days before the big show came on the 11th. How do we know this was the Constellation Draco? God’s Word details it for us:

and behold a great red dragon“- Although there are several celestial candidates for this sky dragon, including Hydra that also spans a third of the stars of the ecliptic with its massive size, it becomes apparent that Draco is the sign that is referred to here in Revelation. This is the first of 13 occurrences of the Greek word “drakon” in the book of Revelation, with the first 8 uses of this word here in Rev. 12, [Rev. 12:3,4,7,7,9,13,16,17, Rev. 13:2,4,11, Rev.16:13, 20:2].7 The number 13 is symbolic of rebellion and the dragon embodies the idea of spiritual warfare in the heavens. As we inspect the details of the Biblical record of Revelation 12, the characteristics of Draco the dragon come to the surface. The Constellation Draco the dragon, has 4 stars of the 2nd magnitude, one in the tail is Thuban the subtle; [Genesis 3:1]. The other second magnitude stars are located in the Dragon’s head, first; Rastaban meaning the head of the subtle, second Ethanin, the long serpent, referring to its massive size, that originally enclosed both Ursa Major and Minor. It is intriguing to note that the head and tail of the dragon are specifically marked by the second magnitude stars of this Constellation. As we will recall, the dragon’s head and tail came up in our study of the lunar eclipse cycle, as it was symbolized in the Old World. A point of interest in that study was how this lunar cycle indicated the workings of the serpent’s seed in a situation. As the dragon’s head tells it’s tail what to do, the desires of the dragon, contrary to the purposes of God, are carried out by both the serpent’s seed in the human realm, and in the spirit realm. The graphic of Draco the dragon shown below, winds his way down between the two flocks in the northern skies, with the lower coils of his tail beneath the star Thuban, the archaic pole star. Here the fallen Morning Star, in its first estate formerly lead the chorus’ of heaven in joyful praise of the true God, now is depicted as the source of division, sedition and destruction between these flocks, now pictured as bears. R.H. Allen notes the important point that for the ancient Chaldeans “Draco, a much longer Constellation than with us, is seen winding downwards and in front of Ursa Major, and even into later times, clasped both of the bears in its folds… with the combined title: Arctoe et Draco.2 

Figure 3. “Arctoe et Draco

constellations

This depicts the spiritual battle for God’s people between the spirit realms of light and darkness that still rages today. These battles in life in which we are engaged all take place in time and space of this world, where the enemy has coveted to take as many people with him into destruction as possible. God through His only begotten Son Jesus Christ has provided our only way of escape and salvation to be victorious in the spiritual warfare where our lives hang in the balance. Only in Christ are we victorious, and we can find this illustrated in the perfect biblical numbers. The Bible speaks of four numbers that embody perfection:

First the number three speaks of divine completion as seen in Jesus Christ as the Good Shepherd, the Great Shepherd and the Chief Shepherd. We also find this in his role as Prophet, Priest and King.

Second the number seven embodies spiritual perfection like Seven Churches of Revelation, seven Spirits of God, the Menorah, many other examples.

Thirdly the number ten represents ordinal perfection as in ten toes, ten fingers, astronomical decans, etc.

And fourth the number twelve speaks of governmental or organizational perfection, as in the Twelve Tribes of Israel, the Twelve Apostles, etc.

​What is interesting is that when you multiply these four perfect numbers, their product is 25203 x 7 x 10 x 12 2520

E. W. Bullinger called 2520 “Chronological Perfection,” but there is also an element of universal mathematical perfection here since 2520 is the numerical least common multiple because it is the first number that evenly divides the first ten digits,
1-10. 

As we approach the last days, we can always be sure that The Word of God will be vindicated; its prophetic truth will be verified; God Himself will be glorified; and His people saved with an everlasting salvation.

Meanwhile the members of His Body will “wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come”(1 Thess 1:10). They will live “looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a peculiar people (RV, a people for His own possession) zealous of good works”(Titus 2:13,14). They will “look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ,” from heaven, believing that there is no hope either for “the Jew, the Gentile, or the Church of God,” or for a groaning creation, until “the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; and He shall send Jesus Christ, whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of ALL HIS HOLY PROPHETS SINCE THE WORLD BEGAN”(Acts 3:19-21).

​Stay Strong in the soon returning Christ and our dawning eternal victory!!

Footnotes

1. Picture credit from Skymap software.
2. Witness of the Stars, E.W. Bullinger, ppg 134-135.
3. Picture credit on Auriga from Urania’s Mirror
4. General reference; www.twenty5twenty.net
5. www.try-god.com/introduction-to-the-jupiter-regulus-conjunctions.php
6. Oct. 2nd, 98’ Weekly News Bulletin of Sky & Telescope
7. Strong’s Concordance on “drakon”. James Strong

 

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Biblical Cosmology and the Precession of the Equinoxes

Biblical Cosmology is focused on the Godly origin and structure of the Universe, viewing he laws of causality and Space-time in the context of the Creator as the First Cause. The traditional concept of the history of Cosmology reads as a timeline of the “discoveries” of the greatest scientists. Men like Ptolemy, Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, Einstein and Hubble are the beacons of scientific progress, and certainly human science owes these men much. According to conventional history, the idea of a heliocentric “universe” or solar system, originated with the ancient Greeks, specifically Aristarchus of Samos back in the second century BC. This idea however, did not catch on in a big way until Copernicus, who while reviewing some of Aristarchus’ ideas, seized upon this concept and ran with it. He did this at his own peril due to the prevailing worldview of his time, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church, based on a geocentric view of the solar system espoused by Ptolemy, which held sway in intellectual and religious circles for over 1500 years. The graphic below from Harmonica Macrocosmica [A. Cellarius, Amsterdam 1660] depicts a Sun centered Copernican view of the cosmos.

harmonica macrocosmica

This post on Biblical Cosmology will show that the idea of a heliocentric “universe” predates the 2nd Century BC and Aristarchus, by at least 1300 years, and its genuine roots are found in the Scriptures of the Old Testament. From a strictly historical perspective, this is somewhat of a radical statement, sure to have many critics, but once the following Biblical evidence is viewed in light of the principles of Biblical Astronomy, the foundations of this statement are inescapable. The subject of this blog states the case of potential revisionist power that Biblical Astronomy can have on the conventional view of the History of Astronomy. For Christian believers, knowledge of these truths provide a key historical view of the impact of the Biblical Patriarchs on the ancient world, which has been obscured by thousands of years of Astrology, pagan myth and yes, even human science. By restoring some of the original historical luster to these heroes of the Faith, [Heb. 11] we gain a fuller perspective of their mighty stand on the truth of God’s Word, as they upheld its general precepts including the Principles of Biblical Astronomy.

Our awareness of the history of Biblical Astronomy gains new insight as we consider the Biblical context of the Patriarchal astronomers, starting with Adam regarding their view of the heavens. God’s revelation and His Intelligent design of the cosmos, was taught to Adam personally and was handed down to the Biblical Patriarchs during Adam’s 930 year life span. In the Creator’s Revelatory Astronomy, the Patriarchs viewed the polesecliptic and Equator all relative to the orientation of earth’s axis, showing an aspect of precession as part of the Creator’s plan to depict a figurative geocentric position of earth’s central importance in the firmament. The earth, is not the literal center of the firmament, but because it is the object of the light shed by the other celestial bodies [Gen. 1:14-16], it is the figurative focal point of God’s Creation as man’s garden home. This is an aspect of the idea of the Sun’s dual year, since the solar year depicts a heliocentric, or sun-centered solar system, noting it’s daily illumination from earth’s view, as the central light of heaven. Thus the key implications of precession are seen, not only in the ages decreed by the Sun’s residence in one of the 12 signs of the zodiac, but also in the Biblical message that each zodiacal sign holds in relation to the returning Promised seed-Jesus Christ.

The Earth is thus the figurative center of Creation, as the object of the three-fold celestial light shed from the heavens. The purpose and beauty of this three-fold heavenly light is to illuminate the Earth, which God initiated with the two aspects of the Sun’s annual and precessional cycles, as seen in Joseph’s two dreams in Gen. 37:6-11. Joseph’s dreams reveal the basic correspondence of the 12 signs of the zodiac with the 12 tribes of Israel, among other things. Since the ancient view and knowledge of the Solar cycles, celestial signseclipses, and asterisms were based on line-of-sight relationships, that only have meaning from an Earth-bound view,  over time this devolved into the view that the Earth was the literal center of all Creation, forming the basis of later geocentric theories, like those of Ptolemy. Similarly, as the figurative representation of the Sun as source of life, became literalized by the heathens, it resulted in the idolatrous Astrology of Sun worship inherent through much of ancient mythology and religion.

Plate I. Jupiter-Saturn Conjunction cycle

Related image

Another major influence on precession in the History of Astronomy was the Jupiter-Saturn Conjunction cycle. This was thought to open a window on the precession of the equinoxes, according to the base 60 mathematical pattern. The ancient Astronomy of numerous cultures including the Maya, Romans, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Chinese, and astronomers of ancient Egypt, calculated precession using this conjunction cycle in Pisces. The Chinese Zhuanxu Calendar is thought to have started in 1953 BC, linked with a significant predawn all-planet alignment on March 5th. According to astronomers Kevin Pang and John Bangert of the Jet Propulsion Labs, in an ancient text written by Liu Xiang [77-79 BC], this alignment took place near the Pegasus Square, [Plate II, below] between the two fish of Pisces. Pang stated: “While the beginning of a day is dawn, a five-planet conjunction occurring at dawn, with a new moon, and the start of spring would truly be the beginning of all cycles. For calendar makers, such a moment would also be an ideal starting point for counting days, months, years and planetary periods.” 1 The idea of a Jupiter-Saturn triple union taking place with a planetary alignment, indicates a possible termination point, where all solar system planetary cycles were in agreement early in their cycles. This idea agrees with Jupiter-Saturn triple unions occurring in Pisces only once every 800 years, showing how this Conjunction series subdivides the 25,920 year precessional cycle. Since 30 cycles of Jupiter-Saturn triple unions taking place in Piscestotals a period of 24,000 years, it serves to generally break down this long cycle of precession, into 2000 year ages.

Figure 1. The Precession of the Equinoxes

bi-polar world axis

There was also a greater 260year cycle based on Jupiter-Saturn Conjunctions, anciently utilized by the Mayans to break down the very long cycle of the precession of the equinoxes. Thompkins states that: the “Maya also had a cycle of 942,890 days, or 2,582 years, equlling 130 Jupiter-Saturn Conjunctions.”2

Twice this cycle [5,163 years], not only gave the equivalent of the greater 260-year cycle of Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions, but 100 of these greater 260-year cycles was equal to 26,000 years, often reckoned the length of the precession by the ancients, as seen in Figure 1 above. This agrees with evidence from Egyptian astronomy via their Dendera Zodiac.

The graphic of the Dendera Zodiac below shows the Pegasus Square, as a square scroll laid between the two Fishes, of Pisces with “Axis E” of this famed Egyptian Zodiac running through the corner of it. As we stated in our website study on the Stars of the Dendera Zodiac: the main Taurus-Scorpius Axis of this zodiac, with the Leo-Aquarius axis, match the main axes that identify the Age of Taurus in the Bible, in Numbers 24:7-9. The context of Numbers 2 shows us the order of 12 tribes of Israel in their wilderness encampment, matching the zodiacal order of the 12 signs/constellations on the ecliptic. In this way, the Dendera Zodiac not only provides key archaeological evidence that the ancient Hebrews and Egyptians both utilized a practical understanding of the precession of the equinoxes, but in the Hebrew’s case, they applied it directly to their belief in the prophecy of their coming redeemer, with Nature’s verification of their stellar gospel, in support of their Old Testament Holy Scriptures. Thus, the Zodiac of Dendera [See poster in the upper right margin of this blog Page] also provides strong supporting evidence from the history of Biblical Astronomy as to the belief in a coming redeemer, since this ancient Egyptian zodiac prophesies in very specific ways not only concerning the time he would appear, but also concerning his unique sacrifice via the very same celestial imagery utilized in the Bible. This important theme is set forth in John Lash’s realization of the presence of a 5th axis on this Zodiac, seen in Spica, the brightest star in Virgo. 3 The Hebrew name for Spica [Al Zemach]-the Branch/offspring of God, [Jer. 23:5-6] is embodied in God’s only begotten SonJesus Christ. Spica is only one of just two stars specifically marked on the Dendera Zodiac, the other being Sirius, the central star linked with the flood stages of the Nile, and the Sothic Calendar, registering one of the oldest historical calendar dates, 4241 BC. The 1461-year Sothic calendar also conforms to the 260-day pattern of the Tzolkin Calendar [260 x 1461] the same as 365.25 x 1040 days, adhering also to the pattern of Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions, as they break down the windows of the precession of the equinoxes through the ages.

Plate II. Axis “E” on the Dendera Zodiac

Lash’s comments concerning this 5th Dendera Axis are enlightening when viewed in context of the history of the Hebrew’s in ancient Egypt with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Moses, as a forerunner of Christ, and Lawgiver of Israel, who lead them through the wilderness unto the Promised Land. As Lash states in his unpublished
book, The Skies in Memory:

Whoever designed the Dendera Zodiac was looking ahead in time to our [Piscean] age, when the spring equinox occurs under the tail of the western fish, because this is the time that the entire cycle culminates. With the spring equinox at this position in Pisces, the axial cross locks into unique alignment with the Galaxy.” Lash goes on to say that he considers the star “Spica… to be the master key to the Dendera Zodiac…” 4

The Dendera Zodiac marks our Piscean Age with the first appearance of the Branch and offspring of God, seen in how the axis referenced above, coincides with the star Spica and the opening of the Age of the Fishes.

The following chart shows how precessional ages correlate to the Biblical Administrations, revealing a consistent progression of themes as God’s Plan of the Ages unfolds. This provides the overarching context for God’s plan of redemption and restoration of Mankind and Creation, through the redeeming work of Christ-the centerpiece of the Ages.

Plate III.

Precessional Ages Aligned with Biblical Administrations
 Zodiacal Sign  Biblical Administrations  Heavens & Earth  Precess Age Start Dates Scripture
 Sirius  Angels First Estate  First    Gen.1:1-2
 Gemini  Original Paradise  Second  6480-4320 BC  Gen. 3:8ff
 Taurus  Bible Patriarchs  Second  4320-2160 BC  Gen. 3:23ff
 Aries  O.T. Law  Second  2160-7 BC  Ex. 19:16ff
 Pisces  Christ/Grace/Revelation
/Millennium
 Second  7BC-now  Matt. 3:11ff
Acts 2:1ff
IThess. 4:13
 Aquarius  Final Paradise  Third  2153 AD  Rev. 21

This march of the precessional ages is recorded in certain ancient star maps like the Dendera zodiac, from ancient Egypt, in a recognition of the axes built into its structure. God designed triple Conjunctions of Jupiter-Saturn as individual markers and movements in a grand celestial Symphony of the Ages, ultimately leading to Christ’s Birth. The 1953 BC triple union of Jupiter-Saturn took place in the sign Aquarius, marking the Birth of Abram. As the Father of Many Nations, and progenitor of the believer’s line, Abraham via his offspring, Isaac and Jacob would bear the promised seed. This triple Conjunction confirmed that Christ came out of the nation of Israel, constituting the 12 tribes of Jacob, whose name God changed to Israel, to reflect their spiritual inheritance.

This is the spiritual message the heavenly Father intended to be communicated over the face of the Earth, a far cry from the “astrological ages” promoted in various cultural myths throughout history. Only with a Scriptural view of the precession of the equinoxes in its true Biblical context, can we gain the wisdom that God has stored for us in Creation’s master temporal cycle. Although at times we see the true light shining through the broken symmetry of mythology and sometimes even Astrology, we gain an unobstructed view when we take heed to the two part harmony of God’s written Word, with His celestial gospel. This approach truly provides the missing history that archaeo-astronomy has longed for.

Figure 2. Earth’s Axis and Precession

precession of the poles

As part of the Creator’s grand design, the 25,920-year precessional cycle of the sun’s apparent retrograde motion against the backdrop of the tropical zodiac, depicts the Sun’s dwelling in successive zodiacal signs, dictated by the earth’s shifting axis and equatorial pole. Thus, with the precession of the vernal point, or vernal equinox in mind, the Earth is centrally located, depicting the earth’s figurative geocentrism referred to above, but not merely with respect to the solar system. The centrality of the Earth involves a much larger cosmic district than our community roundabout of the solar system. As Genesis 1:16-17 states, not only the Sun and Moon but also the Stars were to shed their light upon the Earth. This encompasses the entire zodiacal structure, the stars of the ecliptic, the Equator and the poles.

With the earth as the figurative center of Creation and the object of the three-fold celestial light shed from the heavens, the purpose and beauty of the cosmos is to shed its threefold light upon the earth, and God began with the dual year of the Sun, as we will see in Psalm 19 and in Joseph’s two dreams in Genesis 37. We find this dual year, in the Sun’s annual and precessional cycles.

Similarly, as the figurative representation of the Sun as the source of life became literally deified by the heathens, a result was the idolatry of Sun worship inherent in much of ancient world myth and Astrology. The Earth, of course, is not the literal center of creation, but God created it as man’s garden home and as the object of God’s Love and care for His human family, He showers humanity with His greatest Love as witnessed in this threefold celestial Light. Let’s take a more detailed look at what Scripture tells us about the precession of the equinoxes.

We can see how the geographic and magnetic poles on Earth are reflected in the North Poles of the ecliptic and the Equator, in the heavens as seen in Figure 3. below.

magnetic poles

The Sun’s Cycle of Precession

Let’s begin with some initial Biblical evidence of precession in Psalm 19, as an introduction to the significance of the Sun’s “dual year,” or its annual and precessional cycles, the two prime standards for astronomical time. This differentiates the Sun’s dual year, first seen in it’s annual cycle, spending one month in each sign of the 12 Zodiacal signs, versus the retrograde precessional cycle, where it spends a “great month” or 2,160 solar years in the 12 signs of the ecliptic. As the Sun moves through all 12 signs of the tropical zodiac, the Sun completes its cycle of the “great year,” in about 25,920 solar years. The sixth verse of the 19th Psalm briefly refers to this apparent retrograde motion of the Sun:

Psalm 19:6 
His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

“His going forth is from the end of the heaven… a reference to the Sun’s path through the ecliptic, so called because all the solar and lunar eclipses occur on this course. The words “going forth” in Hebrew are mowtsa [*H4161], meaning the dawn, the east, a gate, the rising of the sun. 55

Thus it refers to the place or gate of the rising of the Sun, also known as the vernal point of the Spring Equinox, the sign of the zodiac where the sun rise occurs, indicating the sun’s retrograde precessional movement, because the sun rises in a different “gate,” or successive zodiacal house on average every 2,160 years. The sun’s annual cycle, or solar year is seen in “his circuit” above, which in the Hebrew is (*H8622) tequphah: rendered, “at the end of the year” [2 Chron. 24:23],6 an obvious reference to this annual solar cycle. Thus we have in brief, a Biblical contrast between these two solar cycles. The record of Joseph’s dreams in Genesis 37 will take us into greater depth on the Biblical testimony of precession. Joseph’s second dream in Gen. 37: 9-11 reveals a precessional context, with its use of stellar terms, especially the “eleven stars making obeisance” to his star or sign of the Bull, Taurus. These 12 “stars” of Joseph’s dream correlate with Jacob’s 12 sons in Gen. 49 forming the Sidereal zodiac. One can also view the precession of the Vernal equinox as the Sun in retrograde against the fixed background of the sidereal zodiac of the stars. Thus, Joseph’s second dream reveals astronomical truth that his first dream with an agricultural theme, does not.

Genesis 37:5-11 
And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more. [6] And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I have dreamed: [7] For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance [H7812] to my sheaf. [8] And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign [H4427] over us? Or shalt thou indeed have dominion [H4910] over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words. [9] And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance [H7812] to me. [10] And he told it to his father and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down [H7812] ourselves to thee to the earth? [11] And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.

hebrew zodiac

Taurus the Bull, as Joseph’s sign in the Hebrew zodiac was split into its two horns, representing his sons Ephraim and Mannasseh [Num. 2:18-20 & Deut. 33:17]. This was done to substitute for the rebellious tribe of Dan, made in the circle of the twelve Hebrew tribes, the twelve signs of the Sidereal zodiac. This allowed for the Levitical 13th tribe to be placed in the center of the zodiac’s circle, with the pattern of the stars mirrored in the seed of Israel, as they camped around their Tabernacle in the wilderness of Sinai during their forty years of wandering. This relation of the Levitical 13th tribe to the Sun, could be a symbolic reference to the Intercalation of a 13th month to align the solar and lunar cycles in the Hebrew Calendar. The Levites, being the priestly tribe, had the charge of the affairs for the Tabernacle, housing the Ark of the Covenant. An aspect of the Tabernacle’s celestial plan can be found in the edifice of the wooden framework that provided a foundation upon which the Tabernacle’s curtains [H3407]7 (Ps. 104:2-3, Isa. 40:22, Ex. 26:26-36), hung. They were assembled from 48 units, each ten cubits high, and 1.5 cubits wide…6 This implies the structure of these 12 zodiacal signs including their 36 decans, (12+36=48) divided into ten degree decans, showing not only God’s celestial order in the tabernacle of the Sun [Ps. 19:4], but also marking the earthly Tabernacle as the focal point reflecting the spiritual light of God’s presence among His people during the Old Testament. This was established in the priestly order of service instituted in the Temple by King David, with 24 courses of priests, each serving two times during Israel’s calendar year, totaling 48 weeks. When the three weeks of Passover, Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles are included, wherein all the priests served, we have the 51 weeks of Israel’s luni-solar year, divided according to sacred and civil standards. The sacred year began in Nisan, the month of the spring Passover, while the civil year in the fall started with the seventh month Tishri 1, the Day of Trumpets signaling the onset of Israel’s holiest month. This depicts the Creator’s light reflected in the celestial structure of creation, ruling over the Hebrew timekeeping, manifest in the sacred priestly service and architecture of the Old Testament Tabernacle and Temple, fulfilled in Jesus Christ as the King and High Priest, after the order of Melchizedek.

The Ark represented the fullness of the presence and power of God that could be manifested on Earth, amid the men of the Old Testament Law. As the “Sun” of the Hebrew Zodiac, the risen Morning Star will enliven humanity as their Savior and enlighten them as the light of the world. Here we see the Sun functioning as a “solar collector” as it moves through the various 12 houses in precession, reflecting the stellar light of their age upon the Earth. Once again we find Biblical evidence regarding the Hebrew zodiac, structured as the earliest known heliocentric model, as seen in the Menorah Solar System, far ahead of Aristarchus of Samos (270 BC), the first of the ancient Greeks to re-submit the idea of a Sun centered cosmos. With the light of the world at the center of the Hebrew zodiac, we see the roots for a Sun-centered solar system that Copernicus gets credit for, in spite of the neolithic antagonism of the Roman Catholic Church centuries after his death. This idea was first put forth and established with the Hebrew Menorah, which was structured on a celestial plan of the ancient solar system of seven celestial bodies, with the Sun as the central candlestick [Rev.1:20], embodied in Christ as the light of the world, always enlightening the Earth.

The Hebrew Menorah

Menorah

A key to understanding this part of Genesis 37 is found as we take notice of details in the record, specifically the obeisance made by the sun, moon, and the eleven stars to Joseph’s sign of Taurus the Bull. The first dream makes no reference to Joseph’s parent’s who are represented as the Sun and Moon in the second dream. Their praise of Joseph’s star is added to that of the eleven stars of his brothers. The meaning of the Hebrew word (*H7812 shachah) to bow down, is to depress, prostrate oneself (in homage to royalty or God), to bow oneself down, to humbly beseech, worship or to do obeisance.This word is used as indicated in verses 7, 9 & 10 above, in reference not only to the sheaves of the field, but also to the sun, moon and eleven stars, with Joseph being the twelfth. Here we can see an image of the Hebrew zodiac foreshadowing the prophecy of Jacob over his twelve sons in Genesis 49, as an image of the Sidereal zodiac, seen as both the sheaves (earthly seed; Gen. 13:15-17) and stars (heavenly seed; Genesis 15:4-6), both relating to prophecies concerning Israel. Here we can see a record where the witness of the Stars lines up with the witness of the Scriptures according to the revelation of God to Joseph, to preserve the line of the promised seed of Israel, that the enemy was trying to wipe out with the famine that took Jacob to Egypt. We also find these two seeds mirrored in the horizontal and vertical fish of Pisces.

Joseph’s first dream had a terrestrial interpretation which was seen in [Gen. 45: 8 & 26], where the same Hebrew word used in verse 8, for “dominion” (maschal), is used with an immediate application to Joseph’s political position as “ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.” This was fulfilled when Jacob brought his family to Egypt according to God’s direction [Gen. 46:3-4], where Joseph was Grand Vizier.

The second dream however, being celestial in nature, shows a clear distinction from the first dream, indicating that there is another aspect of these signs of the ecliptic that we, as students of Biblical Astronomy, need to be aware of. The usage of (*H7812) here in Genesis 37, in relation to Joseph’s sign of Taurus, is distinctly different than in Genesis 49:8, where it states regarding Judah that: “thy Father’s children shall bow down (*H7812) before thee.” Obviously, even though the same Hebrew word is used for the homage that Jacob’s children would give to both Judah and Joseph, it cannot mean for the same reason.

The homage due Judah in Genesis 49 has a distinct celestial significance since the Messiah came from this tribe [Rev. 5:5]. You can view my Biblical Astronomy DVD for added insight in a detailed look at Gen. 49:8 in the triple Conjunction of Jupiter-Regulus marking the birth of Christ. For our purposes here Judah’s dominion refers to the Sun’s annual cycle through the zodiac seen in the Great Sphinx, where the woman’s head in Virgo, and the body of Leo the Lion are married, joining the two ends of the zodiac in this famous guardian of Giza. This also depicts one way that the Great Sphinx prophesies of the birth of Christ.
[What does this say for precession?]

The regal lion represents the homage due to Leo, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the king of the Hebrew zodiac, seated on David’s throne; [Luke 1:32], born from Virgo the Woman and queen-Israel the earthly seed. Conversely, Joseph’s dominion refers to the Sun’s cycle of precession, and its dominion over the Sun, Moon, and the eleven Stars. The rule of the precessional cycle as the master cycle of the heavens is seen here in its Biblical context, as the Sun, Moon and Stars are interpreted in light of where the Sun rises at the vernal equinox in each precessional age, setting the over-arching context for each of the 2160 year ages. The precession of the equinoxes occurs due to the Sun’s annual path on the ecliptic in all 12 signs of the zodiac taking a solar year to complete, but at the end of that year the Sun does not return to the same point in the sign where it began the year, but is a little behind it… about 1 degree every 72 years. This takes about 25,920 years for the sun to complete this vast retrograde circle through all 12 signs on the ecliptic.

Genesis 37:10b-11 “Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.

Jacob’s response to Joseph’s dream is enlightening because Jacob himself and [Rebecca] are represented by him, to be the Sun and Moon, who together “made obeisance” to Joseph’s sign–Taurus, in his dream. This shows the Sun’s solar year and Moon’s lunar year, along with the star’s sidereal year, all in subjection to the base 60 standard of the Sun’s abode in precessional cycles. Jacob’s reference to the Sun and Moon in the dream as, “I and thy mother” shows the marriage of the solar & lunar calendars, harmonized according to the phi ratio, synchronized to the fifty-year Jubilee cycle of Israel. This accents the custom of Intercalation by the Biblical Patriarchs, Jacob and Joseph prior to Moses. When we consider the influence of Joseph as the Grand Vizier of Egypt in this record in Genesis 37, we find some of the earliest recorded incidents of Intercalation of the luni-solar calendar harmonized according to the phi ratio. Thus on one level, this record of Joseph’s dream underscores the kinship between the cycles of the Sun, Moon & Stars in view of both precession, and in light of the annual feasts Hebrew calendar. This sets the stage for later Biblical evidence of the Intercalation of months according to the Mosaic standards set in Num. 9:11ff. The record of the second Passover carried out by King Hezekiah in II Chron. 30:1ff, is an example of the insertion of a second Adar (13th) month. This was done usually when the two years had gotten too far out of synch.8

This insight into the record of Joseph’s dreams in Genesis 37 provides a basis for the Astronomy of the Biblical Patriarchs, especially their knowledge of the twelve signs of the zodiac, the harmonizing of the solar and lunar years, all in the ruling context of precession. We must be mindful that the Biblical Patriarchs were the experts of Biblical Astronomy because their gospel was the Stars. They had not received the written Scriptures as of yet, but they knew the “Covenant of Day and Night,” as Jeremiah [33:25] called it, better than anyone and were privy to its hidden mysteries, whose surface we are only scratching! Their astronomical expertise was carried into ancient Sumeria in Ur of the Chaldees, as seen in the “Tower of Babel,” [Gen. 11] record as the basis of ancient Babylonian Astronomy and was later perverted in their Astrology. This astronomical expertise of the Biblical Patriarchs like Abraham is one reason why Jacob “observed the saying,” of Joseph’s dream as Genesis 37:11 says.

The Hebrew word for “observed” [*H8104shamar], means: “to keep, guard, preserve, protect, retain, to observe as a covenant the commandments of God [Gen. 17:9-10, 18:19], and to revere.”9 It refers to the careful attention paid to the obligations of a covenant, as Abraham gave orders to “Keep the Way of the Lord.” The details of this Covenant of day and night, written in the stars are exactly what Jacob was protecting. When he noted the details of his beloved son’s celestial dream, he took great care to scrutinize the Word of the Lord as it came in this dream. After all, he was only following his Grandfather’s instructions, to keep the way of the Lord, for their Patriarchal Administration. In the oracle of Balaam in [Num. 24] below he is beholding the glory of Israel’s wilderness encampment, and he identifies three of the four tribes at the cardinal points of the compass; Aquarius in verse 7, with the water buckets, Taurus the wild Ox in verse 8, and Leo the Lion in verse 9.

Num. 24:2-9 [ESV]

 And Balaam lifted up his eyes and saw Israel camping tribe by tribe. And the Spirit of God came upon him, and he took up his discourse and said, “The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor, the oracle of the man whose eye is opened,[athe oracle of him who hears the words of God, who sees the vision of the Almighty, falling down with his eyes uncovered: How lovely are your tents, O Jacob, your encampments, O Israel! Like palm groves[b] that stretch afar, like gardens beside a river, like aloes that the Lord has planted, like cedar trees beside the waters. Water shall flow from his bucketsand his seed shall be in many watershis king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted. God brings him out of Egypt and is for him like the horns of the wild oxhe shall eat up the nations, his adversaries, and shall break their bones in pieces and pierce them through with his arrows. He crouched, he lay down like a lion and like a lioness; who will rouse him up? Blessed are those who bless you, and cursed are those who curse you.”

The cycles of the Sun and Moon bowing down to Taurus tells us that the precessional Age of Taurus is indicated, which is consistent with the witness of Numbers 23-24, that detail the precessional markers or cardinal points for this age. This precessional knowledge filtered through ancient Egypt and was applied along with the Sothic Calendar, during the Age of Taurus, as many archaeo-astronomers have documented. Even as Abraham is historically recorded among the first teachers of the ancient Egyptians, there were others before him. As Jacob’s grandfather, Jacob also would have been schooled in this Academy of Patriarchal Astronomy. This exerted a powerful influence on the Astronomy of the ancient Near East. We find this knowledge applied in the stellar alignment of many ancient Egyptian temples oriented to zodiacal signs signifying the related precessional age, providing strong evidence that the Biblical Patriarchs not only knew of the precessional cycle, but also applied it in a spiritual context, like their wilderness encampment around their Tabernacle.

As the discovery of the Antikythera Device has rewritten the modern understanding of astronomy in ancient Greece and Rome, so the mysteries of God’s Word will continue to transform human knowledge as more light is shed on these long hidden truths…

Footnotes

1. Pang and Bangert-Jet Propulsion Labs
2. Secrets of the Great Pyramid, Peter Thompkins
3. Atlantis Blueprint, Colin Wilson and Rand Flem-Ath, ppg. 171-172.
4. Skies in Memory, John Lash
5. Strong’s Concordance [H4161], James Strong
6. Ibid, [[H8622]
7. Ibid, [H3407]
8. Ibid, [H7812]
9. Ibid, [H8104]

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