**Happy Pi Day Everyone! **

As we have done in previous years on **March 14th**, I like to post studies in recognition of the **significance** of the **Pi ratio** in the **Bible**.** **This year I was **blessed** to find this fascinating study which was published as an **excerpt** of part of** larger works** on this topic, concerning the how the **150 Psalms **of the** Bible** are *structured *on a *numerical*** basis** around the **Pi Ratio**. This is timely, not only in light of **Jon Nessle’s current OT History Class**, but also **Ren Manetti’s teaching** two weeks ago *on* the** Psalms **being **structured according to the events** in the** life of King David**. We will also **find structure** here **coinciding** with Rev. Nessle’s teachings on “*Repetitions* *in the** Bible*,” specifically regarding **Psalm 26**: “*The Integrity Psalm*.” Although some aspects of what the author shares here may require further research, he presents a noteworthy

*mathematical framework*, for the structure of the

**Psalms**based on

**Pi**. I have also included

*to some of my*

**links****studies**, along with

*my own comments*in brackets that may bless the reader,

**related**to the

**author’s content**on the

*circumference*of a

**circle**as a representation of the

**Name**of

**Jehovah**, and the

**diameter**as a representation of

**God**which in

*Hebrew*is

**or**

*El*

*Elohim**.*That said, here is an excerpt of the book entitled; “

**The Divine Signature of Pi in**the

**Bible**.”

**“Today is pi day (March 14)** and to **celebrate **this day, I decided to share a chapter from the book ** The Secret Code of the Psalms** explaining my discovery of

**precise ratios**of

**pi**in the

**numerical Hebrew structure of the Psalms in the Bible**.

**This**

**was an accidental discovery**as a

**result**of

**restoring the poetic structure of the Psalms which is hidden in all**published versions of

**the Bible**; my original intent was to properly display the

**poetry**to the common reader in the three volume work,

*(published here in vol 1, vol 2, vol 3). Once the*

**The Symbolism of the Psalms****poetry**was

**restored**, it became obvious

**that**the

**Hebrew Scriptures were arranged according**to

**numerical counts**of

**verses**,

**words**and

**even letters**.

**Later**these

**counts**were

**used**in

**the**

**Masoretic texts to ensure its accuracy**.

With that introduction, here is the text of one of the

**chapters**to the

**book**

**:, the entire**

*The Secret Code of the Psalms***works**

**explains**the

**mysterious arrangement and hidden numerical structure of all 150 Psalms:**

The number** pi **(**π**) is an** irrational **number that** represents **the** ratio between **the** circumference **and** diameter of a circle**. It is also a **transcendental **number, which is a number that is **not ***a root *of a** polynomial equation **with** integer coefficients**. In **the ancient Middle East**, the** Divine **was **often *** represented *as the

**sun**or a

**circle**, thus it is likely that the

**mathematical concept**of

**pi**was

**considered**to be a “

**“**

*Divine signature***considered**

**sacred and holy**. In

**documenting**and

**analyzing**the

**numerical structure**of

**the Psalms**, it was

**discovered**that

**the design**of

**the Psalms contain**several

**ratios**of

**pi**, many to a

**high degree**of

**accuracy**. As the

**Hebrews**were

**not**

**likely**to have

**known**about these

**accurate ratios**for

**pi**, they

*provide*

**evidence**of

**Divine inspiration**in

**scripture**.

**There is strong evidence that**these

**ratios of pi**are

**directly related**to the

**holiness**of the

**numbers**

*three*and

*seven*, the

**number**of

**letters**of the

**Hebrew alphabet**, and

**the sacred names**of

**God**in

**Hebrew Scripture**.

**As pi is a transcendental number**that is typically represented by

**infinite series**of

**numbers**, it is thus a

**fitting number to represent**the

**infinite Divine**.

In **Babylonian mathematics** the **number pi** was *approximated* as the **number 3**, which was good enough for the architecture of the time. This **approximation **is also** found **in the** dimensions **of the** Temple **of** Solomon** (**1 Kings 7:23**).

The Babylonians knew that the number **3** was an approximation – an **Old Babylonian tablet **from the** 19th-17th century B.C. approximated pi more accurately as 25/8**. **The Egyptian Rhind Mathematical papyrus** that **dates** to about the **same time **period approximated** pi **as **256/81 **by *approximating* the** circle **with an** octagon**. In the **3rd century B**.**C**.** Archimedes approximated ****pi as **somewhere **between 223/71 **and** 22/7**. In the** second century B.C. Ptolemy **approximated** pi **as** 377/ 120**, which is the** first known **approximation that is** accurate **to** three decimal **places. In the** fifth century A.D**. the *Chinese*** mathematician Zu Chongzhi **calculated** pi **to an** accuracy **of** 7 decimal places**, and gave** two **other **approximations** **for pi: 22/7 and 355/113**. **The latter **is the** best rational approximation** of** pi **using less than** 5 digits **in the** numerator **and** denominator**. This **approximation** was** not improved upon **until about a** thousand years ***later *by * Indian *and

**. This was**

*Persian*mathematicians**improved upon**in the succeeding

**centuries**with

**increasing levels**of

**, with**

*accuracy***many**approximations of

**pi**calculated from

**infinite**

**series**. With the advent of

**computers**,

**pi**is now calculated with

**accuracies**to

**trillions**of

**digits**.

In **modern times pi** is **represented** in **decimal **form, but any **decimal** can be represented as a ** continued fraction **of

*whole*

*numbers*. A

*continued fraction*is an

*iterative process*that represents a

*number*as the

**sum**of its

**integer part**and the

*reciprocal*of another number. The

**continued fraction expansion**of a

*indicates which*

**number****rational numbers**or

**fractions**are the

**best**approximations. These

**best**approximations are

**known**as

**convergents**, where there is

**no better approximation**with a

**smaller denominator**of the

**convergent**number. The number

**pi**is

**3.14159…**The first

**best convergent**of

**pi**is the number

**3**. By taking the

**reciprocal**of the

**remainder**, the

**remainder**can be

*best*approximated as

**1/7**. Thus, the

**next**best

*convergent*

**ratio**for

**pi**is

**3 plus 1/7**or

**22/7**. By

**taking**the

**remainder**and

**converting**it to a

**fraction**,

*adding*it to the previous result, a

**continued fraction**for

**pi**can be created.

The **continued fraction** is developed by first starting from an accurate **decimal** **representation** of **pi**. In this series, the **first **few** convergent ratios **that** best **represent** pi **are** 3**,** 22/7**,** 333/106**,** 355/113**, **103993/33102**,** 104438/33215**, and** 208341/ 66317**. Each succeeding ** convergent ratio **is

**more**than the

*accurate**former*, as the

**value converges to the value of pi**at

**infinite**. The

**of**

*convergent**ratio***355/113**for

**pi**was

*derived*by

*Zu Chongzhi*in the 5th century A.D. using a different method.

**DISK ICONOGRAPHY OF THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST**

There are **figures **of** speech **in the** Psalms **that are** related to **the** iconography **of** the Divine in **the** Middle East**, which is** associated with a circle**. Given this fact the **ratio **of** pi **was** considered sacred.** Several **Psalms** mention *Jehovah* as having **wings**: [*condescension*]

*Keep me as the apple, the daughter of the eye, hide me under the shadow of Your wings*

**(**

**Ps. 17:8**).

The Hebrew word for “**apple**” literally means the** black pupil **of** the eye**, thus it is a **hidden reference** to a** circle**. The phrase “**shadow of Your wings**” is next mentioned in **Psalm 36**:

*Jehovah, how precious is Your mercy, God, and the sons of Man in the shadow of Your wings*** **(**Ps. 36:7**).

**From Ps. 17:8 **to the** end of Psalm 36**, there** are exactly 355 verses**. **This is **followed by** 113 verses **in** Psalms 37-41**, where** 355/113 **is a** convergent ratio for pi, indicating that there was knowledge of this ratio long before its rediscovery** in the

**5th century A.D**. The

**numeric word count**of

**Psalm 17 references Psalm 61**, which

**contains a similar statement:**

*I will seek refuge under the cover of Your wings*** **(**Ps. 61:4**).

Similar statements can be seen in **Ps. 57:1 **and** 63:7**. **Wings are also associated with the sun** (**a circle**) in** Malachi:**

*But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings*** **(**Mal. 4:2**).

The **Hebrew word **for “**wing**” is used to** refer **to a** border** as well as the** four quarters of the earth** (see **Deut. 22:12, Isa. 11:12**), thus **two lines dividing a circle **into** four quarters **would have been called “**wings**.” The *image *of a **winged disk **to represent** God **was** common throughout **the** ancient Near East**. **Below is the winged sun of Thebes in Egypt:**

** **

The **winged disk** was also **adopted in the religion of Zoroastrianism** in *ancient* **Persia**:

RING AND ROD ICONOGRAPHY OF THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST

In the **above diagram the Divine figure **is** holding a ring in his hand**. In the **iconography **of** the Middle East**, a** god**,** goddess or king**,** was often shown holding a ring and rod**. This was an ancient symbol, first found on a **cylinder seal** in **Mesopotamia**. On a cylinder seal from the **Uruk period** (c. **3500-3000 B.C**.), a female worshipper is shown **bowing down before **a** rod **and** ring** (from D.J. Wiseman and Werner Forman, *Cylinder Seals of Western Asia*, London: Batchworth Press, p. 4):

In later depictions, deities from the *Third Dynasty of Ur* (ca. 2100 B.C.) as well as

*Old*

**Babylon**(ca. 1800 B.C.) and

**Assyria**(ca. 700 B.C.) are

**shown**with a

**ring and rod in their hand**. In

**other cases**, the deity is shown

**holding a solitary ring**. Yet the meaning of these symbols has remained a mystery among scholars. The

**ring**and

**rod**have been associated with the

*circular*

**of**

*shen symbol***Egypt**which was often

**depicted**with a

**staff**(James Hall,

*Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art*, London: John Murray, 1994, pp. 79-80):

In **hieroglyphs **the** Shen ring** is depicted as a stylized **loop** of **rope**. A more clear association between the **rod and ring **can be** seen **in a** depiction **of the** falcon god Horus **which is similar to the *winged disk*, and also** holds two Shen rings **in its** claws**:

The** shen symbol means to encircle**, and

**signified eternal protection**. It was

**often elongated**to contain

**a royal name**, that is

**known**as a

**cartouche**. It was also

**often associated**with a

**staff**. As for

**rod**

*and*

**ring symbols**in Mesopotamia, it has been surmised that they have

**and**

*literal***related to**

*metaphorical**meanings***measurement**(Henri Frankfurt,

*Cylinder Seals*, London: Macmillan, 1939, p. 179). This can be seen on the

**Stele**of

**Ur-Nammu**,

**who**

*. On*

**built**the**Ziggurat****of Ur****the**a variety of building projects [and

*stele***astronomical**symbols] are shown, as well as

**a deity who holds a rope arranged**in

**a circle with a rod**:

The** rod **is thus a** unit **of** measurement **that was** used **in** building activities**, whose **measure **was considered** Divine**. In the **Sumerian** tale-*Descent of Inanna, *Inanna descends into the *netherworld* but must strip herself of her regalia and clothing as she passes through each **gate**. Among the items she held was a “**gold ring over her wrist**, and a** lapis measuring rod **and** line **in** her hand**.” In another version of the **story** the **gold ring** is **gripped **in** her hand**, which resembles the iconography of the **rod** and** ring**. **In Scripture an angel appeared **to **the prophet Ezekiel **in like manner, to provide** measurements **for a** future temple**:

*When he brought me there, behold, there was a man whose appearance was like bronze*,

*.*

**with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand**

**And he was standing in the gateway****(**

**Ez. 40:3**).

The **ring and rod **could be** representations **of the** circle **and its** diameter**, as a **measuring line **was** coiled **in** a rope **that was a** multiple **of **the length **of the** measuring rod**. As the** rod was **likely a** standard **of** measurement **it was generally** a measure **of the** cubit**, which was typically *determined* by** measuring **the** forearm from** the** elbow **to the** tip **of the** middle finger**. That the** cubit **was associated with the** diameter **of a** circle **can be seen in the** Egyptian cubit**, which was* divided* into** seven ***equal portions known *as “**palms**.” If the** cubit **was used as the** diameter **of a** circle **it would *represent *the** convergent ratio 22/7 **for** pi **when** measured in palms**, with **the circumference measured as 3 cubits plus 1 palm**.** Three cubits **would be considered as an** approximate representation **of **the Eternal Divine**. That** this is the case can be seen in the representation **of** pi **in **the molten sea **of **the Temple of Solomon**, which had a** circumference **of** 30 cubits **(as was the** height **of the** Temple of Solomon**,** as well as Noah’s ark**), an** exact multiple **of** 3**:

*Then* *he made* *the** sea **of*** cast metal**.

*It was*

*round**,*

*ten cubits**from*

*brim*

*to*

*brim*

*, and*

*five cubits high**, and*

*a line**of*

*thirty cubits measured**its*

*circumference**. Under its*

*brim**were*

**,**

*gourds**for*

*ten cubits**,*

**.**

*compassing the sea all around*

*The gourds**were in*

*two rows**,*

*cast**with it when it*

*was cast**,*(

**1 Kings 7:23-24**).

**This** is the** only direct reference **to a

**measurement**of

**pi**in

**Scripture**, which

**uses an approximate value**of

**3**for

**pi**.

If a **cubit **represented the** diameter **of a** circle**, then** 3 cubits **would be seen as a** perfect **representation of the** circumference**. An *exact*** measure **of** 3 cubits **is specified for the** altar **of the** Tabernacle **of** Moses**: the** altar **of** burnt offering **was** 5 cubits wide**,** 5 cubits long **and** 3 cubits high **(see** Ex. 27:1**,** 38:1**). The** altar is associated** with a** circle **in the** Psalms:**

*I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will compass Your altar, Jehovah*, (

**Ps**.

**26:6**)

The **word **for “**compass**” is the** same as **the** word **for** circle **in** Hebrew**. As **the altar **was** 5 cubits square**, the** diagonal **or** diameter **of** such a circle would almost **be exactly** 7 cubits**. Thus, the **circumference **of a** circle ***circumscribing this ***altar **would be** 22 cubits**, representing the **convergent ratio 22/7 **for** pi**. Related to this *passage *the *numerical* design of **Psalms** is * based *on the

**for**

*convergent**ratio*355/113**pi**:

Psalm # |
Verses |

4-26 |
339 = 3 x 113 |

4-27 |
355 |

**Psalm 26 was chosen to represent **the** end **of a** multiple **of** 113 for a verse count**,** since 26 is 2 x 13**.** Also**,** it follows Psalm 25 **which** is 5 x 5**, that** is the dimension in cubits **of the** length and width of the altar**.** Psalm 27 begins **with a** reference to light**:

* Jehovah is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear?* (

**Ps. 27:1**)

This is **related **to the** altar **mentioned in** Psalm 26**,** since upon **the** altar there **was a** perpetual fire **(**Lev**.** 6:13**). The **altar is associated with the light of the Lord in Psalm 43**:

* Send out Your light and Your truth, let them lead me… and I will go to the altar of God* (

**Ps. 43:3,4**)

The** number 27 **was** chosen **to** represent **the** circumference **of a** circle**, since it is** 3 x 3 x 3**, where** 3 **is the** simplest ratio **for** pi**.

CONVERGENT RATIOS OF PI IN SCRIPTURE

The **number 318 **is** 3 x 106**, and as** 106 is part of the convergent ratio 333/106 **for** pi** this **number** was **regarded** as **important in the story of Abraham**:

*And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he drew out his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan,* (

**Gen**.

**14:14**).

This particular **passage** is **quoted **in the** Talmud **in** one **of the** examples where **the** Jewish Rabbis **made use of** Hebrew gematria**, which

**assigned particular numeric values**to

**each Hebrew letter**.

**They noted**that the

**gematria value**of

**Eliezer**,

**Abraham’s**servant, is

**318**. From this they explained that

*Abraham*did not call forth

*318 servants*, but rather just his

**servant Eliezer**. However, the number

**318**is significant as it is

*related*to the

**convergent ratio**for

**pi**. Evidence of

*knowledge*of this can be seen in

**Psalms 33-34**, that have a

**total word count**of

**318**, and

**these two Psalms**are

**related**to a

**series**of

**333 verses**.

**Psalm 34**also

**contains a hidden**reference to the

**priest**of

**Melchizedek**, who is

**mentioned**in

**Gen. 14:18**after the

**victory**of

**Abram**and his

**318 servants over**the

**enemy**.

A more** accurate convergent ratio **for** pi **is** 355/113**. The number** 355 **is implicitly mentioned in** Scripture **in the** book **of** Exodus**, in the description of **building** of** the Tabernacle**:

*The silver from those of the congregation who were recorded, was a hundred talents and 1,775 shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary: a beka a head (that is, half a shekel, by the shekel of the sanctuary), for everyone who was listed in the records*, from

**twenty years old and upward**, for

**603,550 men**. (

**Ex. 38:25-26**)

The **number 1775 **is** 5 x 355**. One can **readily see** that **603**,**550 **is** 600**,**000 + 3**,**550**, where** 3**,**550 **is** 10 x 355**. That** this **is by** design can be seen in other passages**, where the** Israelite males are numbered elsewhere as 600,000 **(**see Ex. 12:37**,** Num**.** 11:21**), and in other places as** 603,550 **(see** Num. 1:46**,** 2:32**). Elsewhere, the number of** firstborn Levites **are numbered** as exactly 22,000 **(**Num. 3:46**) which * corresponds *to the

**convergent ratio 22/7**for

**pi**. In the

**Psalms**, there are

**1775**or

**5 x 355**

*verses*in

**Psalm 42-142**. The number

**142**is

**2 x 71**, similar to how

**355**is

**5 x 71**. To show the relationship between

**Psalms 42**and

**142**,

**Psalms 42-141**

*contains*

**1764**verses which is

**42 x 42**. The number for the

**603,550 men**in

*Exodus*and

*Numbers*is represented in the

**Psalms**in the following verse structure:

Psalm # |
Verses |

66-95 | 600 |

96-112 | 355 |

**Psalm 112 is followed by Psalm 113**, which** represents the Convergent ratio 355/113 **for** pi**. As discussed previously in the chapter **The Hidden Chronology of the Psalms** these** 600 verses **also** represent the 600 years of Noah**,** **and** Psalm 95 corresponds with both the flood of Noah and the Exodus out of Egypt**.

That the **1,775 shekels **for the** extra 3**,**550 men**,** represent the circumference of a circle **is** shown by the fact **that these** 1,775 shekels of silver were used **for the** hooks of the pillars that were used to create the external boundary of the tabernacle**. **This relationship is confirmed by the amount of gold collected for constructing the tabernacle**:

*All **the** gold **that was** used **for the** work**, in all the** construction **of the* *sanctuary**, **the** gold **from* *the** offering**, was** twenty-nine talents **and** 730 shekels**, by the** shekel of the sanctuary**.* (**Ex. 38:24**)

The number **29 **is** 22 + 7** which are the** two numbers **for** the convergent ratio 22/7 **for** pi**. The number **730 **is** 2 x 365**, where** 365 **is the** number **of** days **in the** solar year**. The **number 355 is a close approximation for the number of 354.37 days **for the** lunar year.** Thus, the **gold represents the Sun and the silver represents the Moon**, and the** cycle of a year **would** correspond **to the** circumference** of a** circle**. Also, for **a circle with a circumference of 365 the diameter would** be** 116 **which is** 4 x 29**, [**29** is also a *lunar cycle* number] a** multiple** of the** number **of** talents **of** gold**. [This depicts how the **solar** and **lunar** cycles fit together in their **annual courses**].

**THE CONVERGENT RATIO OF PI AND THE HEBREW ALPHABET**

A **more obvious connection is seen between the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet and the convergent ratio 22/7 for pi**.** The denominator is seven**, and **thus the number 7 is considered holy throughout Scripture**,

**especially the Sabbath of the seven-day week**.

**As the 22 letters are consonants, the number 7**may be a representation of

**Hebrew vowels**.

*Vowels*are not recorded in Scripture, and notations were added later in the

*Masoretic text*to indicate how the Hebrew words should be vocalized. In Greek there are 7 specific vowels, and in later Greek and Gnostic traditions the seven vowels of the

**Greek alphabet**were said to correspond with the

**seven heavens**, to which was

**assigned one**of the

**seven**

**known**. As the

*planets***heavens**were

*worshipped*as

**idols**in the ancient

*world*, the

**Jews**completely

**divorced**themselves from such

*symbolic*

**associations**,

**but in place of the seven planets the law instituted the seven branched Menorah candlestick**.

**This association**is

**mentioned**by the

**Jewish historian Josephus**in describing

**the table of shew-bread in the temple:**

“Now, the** seven lamps signified **the** seven planets… **the** twelve loaves **that were** upon **the** table signified **the** circle **of** the Zodiac and the year**…” (** Antiquities, v. 5; 5**)

Here the **number 7 **is** associated **with a** circle**, [solar & lunar cycles] in this** case **the** circle of **the** zodiac or the year**. This provides** indirect confirmation **that the** 22 letters **of the** Hebrew alphabet **can be arranged in** a circle **to** represent **the** convergent ratio 22/7 **for** pi**. **The** **seven candlesticks **of **the Menorah** are also ** represented as seven pillars**:

** Wisdom has built her house** [

**H1004**–

*bayith=ref**.*

**]**

*to God’s Temple**, she has*

*hewn out her seven pillars***(**

**Prov**.

**9:1**)

The **same word **for “**pillars**” we** find **in** Psalm 75**:**3 ***The earth and all who dwell in her are dissolved*,

**I balance**the

**pillars**of it (

**Ps. 75:3**). The “

**earth**” as

**probably represented**as a

**circle**of the

**.**

*known world***Verse 3 demarcates**the

**first and second**

*stanzas*of

**Psalm 75**, which

**each**

*contain*

**exactly 22 words**.

**Psalm 75**is the

**exact middle**of the

**150 Psalms**, and

**2 x 150**is

**300**, which is a

**multiple**of

**3**, the

**simplest convergent ratio**for

**pi**.

In the work *Sefer Yetzirah*, an early work of **Jewish esotericism** perhaps dating to the first century A.D., the **22 letters **of** the Hebrew alphabet are arranged into a circle as follows**:

In the system of the *Sefer Yetzirah*, the **22 letters **are** divided **into** three **“**mother**“** letters** (** aleph**,

**),**

*mem*and*shin***seven**“

**doubles**” (“

**Seven Pairs**”

*Structure of Ecclesiastes*

**3:2-8-**

*bet**,*

*gimel**,*

*daleth**,*

*kaph**,*

*pe**,*

*resh**,*

**) and**

*tau***twelve**“

**elementals**” (

*he**,*

*vav**,*

*zayin**,*

*cheth**,*

*teth**,*

*yod**,*

*lamed**,*

*nun**,*

*samekh**,*

*ayin**,*

*tsade**,*

**). This**

*qoph***division**is

**probably a later invention**, and is

**based on the three letters**in the

**name**of

**Jehovah**, the

**seven planets**, and the

**12 signs**of the

**zodiac**. By the time it was

**written**,

*knowledge*of the

**, but in**

*convergent*ratio 22/7 for pi was lost**place of it a different system was invented**,

**attempting**to associate the

**circle with**the

**zodiac**.

**Instead**of

**recognizing**the

**number 7**as

**representing**the

**diameter**, a

**separate category of 7 letters were created**.

**Scriptural support**for

**arranging**the

**letters in a circle**can be found in the

**book**of

**Revelation**,

**where**the

**Lord declares Himself to be the Alpha and Omega**, which

**are the first and last letters**of the

**Greek alphabet**, [and the

**zodiac signs**].

**In Hebrew the letters**are

**and**

*aleph***, which are**

*tau***adjacent**to each

**other**on the

**circle**:

** I am Alpha and Omega**,

**,**

*the beginning and the ending***,**

*says the Lord***,**

*which is***,**

*and which was***,**

*and which is to come*

*the Almighty***(**

**Rev. 1:8**)

**,**

*I am Alpha and Omega*

*the first and the last**.*(

**Rev**.

**1:11**)

In the **Old Testament**, it is **Jehovah who declares Himself to be the first **and** the last:**

** I, Jehovah**,

**,**

*the first***;**

*and with the last***. (**

*I am He***Isa. 41:4**)

*Thus says*, the

**Jehovah***,*

**King of Israel and his Redeemer***:*

**Jehovah of hosts***;*

**I am the first and I am the last***. (*

**besides me there is no god****Isa. 44:6**)

**,**

*Listen to me***,**

*O Jacob***,**

*and Israel***;**

*whom I called! I am he***,**

*I am the first***, (**

*and I am the last***Isa. 48:12**).

THE HEBREW LETTER CIRCLE AND THE NAMES OF GOD

In the diagram of the **Hebrew letter circle** as described in the *Sefir Yetzirah,* the **22 letters** are on the edge of a **circle**, with **231 lines** **drawn between every possible** **letter combination**. It is described as follows:

“**These twenty-two letters**, the** foundations**, **He arranged** as on a **sphere**, **with two hundred **and** thirty-one modes** of *entrance*. If the *sphere *be *rotated forward*, **good** is implied, if in a *retrograde* manner **evil** is intended. For He indeed showed the mode of combination of the letters, each with each, *Aleph *with **all**, and **all** with *Aleph*. Thus, in combining all together in **pairs** are produced these *two hundred and thirty-one gates of knowledge.* And from

*Nothingness*did He make something, and

*all forms of speech and*, and from the empty void He made the solid earth, and from the non-existent He brought forth Life.”

**every created thing**Of the **231 lines **between the** letters**, the *one *of most *interest *is the *one* *between *the** first letter aleph** (

**א**) and the

**letter**

**(**

*lamed***ל**) which

**bisects**the

**circle**.

**These**two

**letters**form the

**word**“

**God**” (

**Heb**.

**). The**

*El***name**“

**God**” is thus

**represented by**the

**diameter of a circle**. The

**letter**

*aleph*(**א**

**) is derived from an Egyptian hieroglyph that depicts the head**of

**an ox**, and the

**name of the letter comes from a western Semitic word that means**“

**ox**.” Thus,

**the molten sea of the Temple of Solomon was placed on top of 12 oxen:**

** It stood on twelve oxen**,

**,**

*three facing north***,**

*three facing west***,**

*three facing south*

*and three facing east**.*

**,**

*The sea was set on them***, (**

*and all their rear parts were inward***1 Kings 7:25**).

**Each opposing pair **of** oxen bisect **the** circle**. In the** convergent ratio 333/106 **for** pi**, the** number 106 **would** represent **the** length **of** the diameter **of a** circle **that would** divide the sea of the Temple of Solomon into two halves**.** Psalm 106 ends the fourth book **of **the Psalms**, and it** mentions the parting of the Red Sea**:

** **** He rebuked the Red sea and it was dried up**,

**, (**

*and He made them to walk through the depths as through the wilderness***Ps. 106:9**).

This is followed by the** false worship of a calf**:

*They made a calf in Horeb, and bowed down to the molten image. And they changed their glory, into the pattern *of

*(*

**an ox that eats herbs**,**Ps. 106:19-20**). [Rom. 1:20-25]

The **sacred bull** was worshipped throughout the ancient Middle East. In **ancient Egypt the bull god **was known as* Apis*, and

**before that**the

**cow goddess Hathor**was

**worshipped**.

**Both of**these

**gods**were

**portrayed**with the

**horns of a bull**that

**supported a sun disk**. As

**Psalm 106**mentions both the

*parting*of the

**Red Sea**along with the

**calf**of

*Horeb*, this

**indicates an ancient knowledge that the name**“

**God**” (

**Heb**.

**)**

*El***was**a

**symbolic depiction of a diameter of a circle**. There

**are 999**or

**3 x 333 verses**in

**Psalms 54-106**,

**which indicates**that the

**number for Psalm 106 numerically**represents

**the convergent ratio of 333/106**for

**pi**.

The **Hebrew name for God – El – is composed of aleph and lamed **which

**bisects the Hebrew letter circle in half**.

**In terms**of

**ordinal values**, the letter

**has a**

*aleph***value of 1**and

**has a**

*lamed***value**of

**12**, for a

**total**of

**13**. Also, the

**of**

*majestic plural*form**God –**of

*Elohim*– has a total ordinal value**41**which is the

**13th prime number**. This was perhaps

**based**on the

**convergent ratio 355/113**for

**pi**, where

**13 represents**the

**number 113**. The

**Hebrew**

**word**means “

*agol**round*” or “

**circular**” (Heb.

*agol*)

**begins**with

**and**

*aleph**ends*with

**and is**

*lamed**mentioned*in the

*description*of the

*of the*

**measurements****temple**of

**Solomon**(see

**1 Kings 7**:

**23**,

**31**,

**35**,

**10**:

**19**). A close word using similar letters is the

**word**for “

**calf**” (Heb.

*egel*or

*eglah*) which is significant as the

**word**for

**God**(

**Heb.**) represents the

*El***diameter**

**or**a

**circle**.

**The letter**which is the

*aleph***first letter**of these

**words originated**from the

**head**of a

**bull**, thus there

**were 12 bulls surrounding the molten sea**of

**the Temple of Solomon**.

Just as the** name** “**God**” or** Hebrew El **can be

*represented*as the

**diameter**of a

**Hebrew letter circle**, so the

**name Jehovah**can be

*represented*by the

**circumference**. The

**name Jehovah originates**from

**a root word**meaning “

*to be*” (Heb

**.**) which is

*hawah***composed**of

**the letters**(

*he***ה**) and

**(**

*vav***ו**).

**The letter**

*yod***was**

**originally a prefix**for

**the 3rd person**,

**thus**the

**name Jehovah**means “

**He is**.” On the

**Hebrew letter circle**, the

**letters**and

*he***are**

*vav**adjacent*to

**each other**, and

**if**

*one*

**proceeds**from the

**letter**to the

*he***letter**and then

*vav***all the way round back**to the

**letter**,

*he***one**would have proceeded

**round the entire circumference**of

**the circle**. This is

**implied**by the

**meaning**of the letter

**, which in Hebrew**

*vav**conjoins*words together with the meaning of “

*and*.”

**Two letters**of

*vav**spells*the

**word**“

**hook**” in

*Hebrew*and the

**hooks**of the

**pillars**of

**the Tabernacle were made from the 1,775**or

**5 x 355 shekels of silver**. Just as the

**name**“

**God**” can be

*represented*by

**the diameter of a circle**,

**so the name**“

**Jehovah**“

**can be represented by the circumference of a circle**. Moreover, the

**letter**is the

*he***fifth letter**and the

**letter**

**is the**

*vav***sixth letter**and

**5 + 6**=

**11**which is

*half*of

**22**. If the letter

**is**

*vav**doubled*, as in the

*Hebrew*word for “

**hook**,” then the

*Hebrew*word “

**to be**” would add up to

**22**. In

**Scripture**the

**name**of

**Jehovah**and the

**title**of

**God**are

*often*

**combined**as “

**Jehovah God**,” and this

**title**could be thus

*represented*by a

**circle**with its

**diameter**.

In the** convergent ratio 355/113 **for** pi**, the number** 113 **is** 100 + 13**. As stated earlier, in the *Hebrew letter circle *the

**letters**

*a***(**

*leph***א**) and the

**letter**

**(**

*lamed***ל**) form the

**word**“

**God**” (

**Heb**.

**) which**

*El***bisects**the

**circle**. These

**two**

*letters*have

**ordinal values**of

**1**and

**12**which

**total 13**. Similarly,

**the circumference**of the

**circle**which is

**355**or

**300 + 55**. The

**circumference**is

*represented*by the

**name Jehovah**. The name

*Jehovah*has two letters

**which have an ordinal**

*he***value**of

**5**, that were perhaps used to represent the number

**55**. The name

*Jehovah*begins with the letter

**which has an ordinal value of**

*yod***10**and the following letter is

**that has a value of**

*he***5**. The

**letter**can be treated as the word “

*vav***and**” which is then followed by the final letter

**. The name**

*he***can**

*Jehovah***thus be rendered**as “(

**10 x 5**) and

**5**” which is

**55**.

**Thus**, the

**name**“

**Jehovah God**” can be

**symbolically represented**by the ratio

**355/113**for

**pi**. In a similar manner, the verse structure of

**Psalm 1-71**were modeled after the numeric values of the letters in the name of

*Jehovah*; Psalm 71 was chosen to end the series since

**5 x 71**is

**355**(see the chapter,

**The Verse Structure of the Psalms**).

THE NAME OF JEHOVAH IN THE PSALMS

The **relationship between **the** name **of** Jehovah **and** pi **is** indicated not only **in the** ordinal values **of** the letters in the name of Jehovah**,** but also **in the** number of instances the name of Jehovah appears in the Psalms**.** In the first 22 Psalms **there is a** direct relationship between **the** number **of the** Psalm and **the** number **of** instances of the name of Jehovah**, as follows:

Psalm # |
Names of Jehovah |

1-3 | 11 = 10 + 1 |

3 | 6 = 2 x 3 |

4 | 4 |

5 | 5 |

6 | 6 |

7 | 7 |

8-10 | 16 = 2 x 8 |

9 | 9 |

10-11 | 10 |

11-13 | 13 |

13 | 3 |

14 | 4 |

15-16 | 6 |

17-18 | 18 |

19-22 | 22 |

TOTAL |
112 |

In **most cases** the **number of times that the name of Jehovah** is **mentioned** **matches **the *last digit *of the *Psalm number*; in a few instances the number of times **Jehovah** is mentioned matches the *Psalm number exactly*. **This pattern ends at Psalm 22**, which** matches the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet**. However, there is **another pattern that indicates **the** names of Jehovah are arranged after the convergent ratio 22/7 for pi **as follows:

Psalm # |
Names of Jehovah |

1-3 | 11 |

4-7 | 22 |

7 | 7 |

8-9 | 11 |

10-14 | 22 |

13-14 | 7 |

15 | (2) |

16-18 | 22 |

19 | 7 |

19-22 | 22 |

**Before Psalm 15,** **there** **are two series where the names of Jehovah follow **the** pattern **of** 11**,** 22 **and** 7**. **Psalm 7** and **14** are used in the **group **of** 7** since their *numbers* are a ** multiple** of

**7**.

**Following Psalm 15**,

**there are two groups of 22 with a group**of

**7 in the middle**.

**Psalm 15**

**demarcates two groups**that have

**equal verse counts**:

Psalm # |
Verses |

1-14 | 159 |

15-22 | 159 |

The** total number of verses **is** 318**, which **is 3 x 106**, **where 106 is part of the convergent ratio 333/106 for pi.** Similar to the **name** of **Jehovah** in **Psalms 1-22**, the **title **“**Most High**” (Heb. ** Elyown**)

**appears in the Psalms 22 times**.

**Its first**

*occurrence*

**is**in

**Ps**.

**7**:

**17**, and the

**last**

*occurence*is in

**Ps**.

**107**:

**11**, where the

**Psalm numbers correspond**with the

**number 7 in the convergent ratio 22/7 for pi**.

**After** the** convergent ratio 22/7**, **the next best convergent ratio **for** pi **is** 333/106**. **The title **“**Lord**” (**Heb**. ** Adonai**) is

**mentioned a total of 53 times in the Psalms**,

**and 2 x 53 is 106**.

**The name Jehovah**is

**mentioned for**a

**total**of

**678 times**in

**the Psalms**, and

**678**is

**6 x 113**, indicating that it is arranged

**after**the

**convergent ratio 355/113**for

**pi**. Following the

**112 names of Jehovah in Psalms 1-22**, the

**names of Jehovah can be arranged**in the

**following pattern**:

Psalm # |
Names of Jehovah |

23-34 | 113 |

35-127 | 355 |

128-149 | 98 = 2 x 49 |

This is the **only instance **in the** Psalms **where** 113 names of Jehovah are directly followed by 355 names of Jehovah**. The **355 names of Jehovah begin **with** Psalm 35**, which is a** digital permutation **of** 355**. It ends with **Psalm 127 **which is the** middle Psalm in the 15 Songs of Ascent in Psalms 120-134**, [also called the “**Songs of the Degrees**”].

The **number 7 **is considered** holy **in** Scripture **as it is** part **of the** convergent ratio 22/7 **for** pi**. After the **355** verses there are **98** or **2 x 49 names** of **Jehovah**, which correspond to **Psalm 149** since 149 is *100 + 49*. The name “*Jehovih*“, where the **vowels** for ** Elohim **are used

**instead**of the

**vowels**for

**, is mentioned only**

*Adonai***8**

**times**and if combined with the

**name**“

**Jehovah**” there would be a

**total**of

**686**which is

**2 x 7 x 7 x 7**.

**THE SPIRITUAL MEANING OF THE CIRCLE AND THE DIVINE NAME**

The **circumference **of a** circle** is a** representation of the name of Jehovah**, and the** diameter** is a representation of** God **which in** Hebrew **is *El* or *Elohim**. The Hebrew name *for

**God – El –**is**composed**of**aleph and lamed**which**bisects the Hebrew letter circle in half**.**In terms**of**ordinal values**, the letter**aleph**has a**value of 1**and**lamed**has a**value**of**12**, for a**total**of**13**.**1**

*[Spirituality, Dreams and Prophecy: The Divine Signature of Pi in the Bible (dream-prophecy.blogspot.com)]*

**Summary**

The** evidence suggests **that the** ratios **of** pi **were** considered a Divine signature**,** a mathematical representation **of the** name **of** Jehovah**. This is *supported *by the **iconography** of the **rod and ring **in the ancient Middle East, which were** symbols always associated with **the** deity**, **representations** of **a circle **and** its diameter**. These **symbols** are **also associated** with *measurement*, especially of the *cubit*. As this *measurement* was considered **sacred**, so the **ratios **of** pi** were used in a **numerical ***design* of the **verses**,** words **and *sometimes*** even letters **of the** Psalms**. The **geometric **representation of the **name Jehovah- God **as the** circumference **and** diameter **of a** circle** is** confirmed **by the insights of the Biblical usage as the truth of Scripture in revelation confirmed, by the analysis of the numeric values of Hebrew letters of the *name of God* relative to the **circle**. As shown here the *numerical structure of the Psalms* as illustrated above, is based on the *convergent*** ratios **of** pi** for this spiritual reason.”**2**

The **presence** and **usage** of the **Pi ratio in the Bible** certainly **speaks loudly** to us in light of what we have seen in this study, by *Doug Webber*. This is a fitting consideration for **Pi Day** and beyond, providing a basis for further study on this rich topic, that shows the mathematical exactness and scientific precision of the **Almighty God**, our Heavenly Father as witnessed in His Word.

**God Bless!**

**Agape’**

**Rene’**

**Footnotes**

Posted by Doug Webber at 12:06 PM

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Labels: Numerology, Pi, Psalms